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{ʮɹxn Jɮ&**

 * +x֤xn Siֹ] xɰ{hɨ*

 xiɺɨ ʶɴ ɨ xM& Ei v&*

 ɱx Jɤvɪ {ʮɹxn Jɮ**

 |Sx Eh ixj SxExj {hxҪixj Y{Exɪʺqx ɹɴiE{xɤqx x  {ʮɹɰ{h ix Jɺxi*

 * ɺji ɨ{nxq|Eh *

 xx h-+<=h jɪhEɮuɺ{nxxhhOɽh xnnxhǪ%i +ɽ -

 Jxi ʴɶ|i{kxʽ xnnIhɨ** 1 **

 ʴɶɺxiɮtlǰ{ɺ Jxi ʶɹ]Eii |i{k& xɶU i& xnSUɺjɨɱIhɨxxֹ]{E IhɨɱIh il x, ɺjɺ xhǪVxEiSinil&* +xnMvxֹ`xʺtl%j ɺj xnMvSSɮhɰ{SɪǴɴɽɮhɺxnxɴk䴪JxiʮHxʨkx{Ii ti <i ɴi** ixhniɴhǺii{ʮɮɪ {ڴhh Oɽhɨ, {ɮhh Oɽhʨi h j ɹ {ɹ]** 1 **

 ij Y {ʮɹ ʴɹɪ {Iuɨɽ -

 lq Y {ʮɹɨ * Eɪ Eɱ Y {ʮɹɨ ** 2 **

 =qɨxiG iqɨ * =q ={n n& * +vEh vxɶSɪɨ * j n ={ni iq  B CiǤvx M޽i Ci M޽i{ʮɹlx S ɴj ɺj ɴɽɮ&* nɶSSSɮhEɱ Bj ɴʿi* ikuClǤv Vi ' ʴɹi E\Snxx |ɪVxɨ ' <i Yxɨjh xiֹn lɸiOʽ|i{j{I% {I <nnij E]&*

 ESk - {ʮɹʴɹɪ iκzin ClǤv {iɨxnnCi {ɪDZSxɪ Eikut{κli EikɺƺEɮɪ Mhɦn {ʮE{ECiɪ xɪɨ&* EɪEɱ{Ii j{t{{κlʮi ʴɶ&* Binʦ|i '+vEɮxɨ j|Eɮ&, EζSnEnɺl& ɴ ɻɨʦVɱɪi, l - '|n{& |Vʱi& ɴ 䶨ʦVɱɪi' <i 'ɹ]Һlx' <i j ɹ =H* +vEɮɤnx {ɮli{ʮɹ{Si* EζSi{ʮɹɰ{ <i E]&* n{ l - |ɦuɮ ɴM޽|EɶE BɨiiɤrVxxuɮ ɴǶɺj{EɮEʨi iki{ɪǨ* BiSS {Iu vɮh ɹɨ, {Iu%{ |nECiɪ <i& |ii&**

 ijiɴx ʴɶ& - iq {ɦǹn ɴʴvɺjɤrɴiɦn {ʮE{ iECiɪ {ʮɹhɨ* inH - 'ERi S' <i j E]* 'iq |vxxiɺƺEɮɪ zvҪɨxx Mhɦn |ɪ\Vi'<i* EɪEɱ i ikuv|n {ʮɹɤnvECii* +j BEnɺl <ixx ij ij rɴ{ iqɺli ɮi, l - ɴɽkh EɪlǨxEnMɨx%{ x ikqҪiɴɴɽɮ&, ExiʦVxnҪi ɴɽɮ B, iuzɹvɴCxɨ{ xɹvʴɶERIiuvECiɪxɪ <i {ʮɹɺoi{ʮɹix ɴɽɮ& 'ERi S' <ij ɹ* ijECi {ɪnɺx |ɺV |iɹv%{ ix ɽ ClǤvɨjhECi ɴɽɮ&**

 Yɶɺjɺ i EɪEɱ{I x {lCClǤv&, Exi |nɴCx ɽ* +i Bh%|MiinECi{znniii|i x itʺr, +ʺriɺ Eɪliɪ EɪYxkɮ ii|ɴk&, EɪYx S |n Bi iqɺlʺrii{ڴOɽhxOɽi* B invkɮ ʴɮv|iɺxvxSi iji{ɮix ʴ|iɹvɺj|ɴk Vɨ* +i B EɪEɱ{I "+n& {ɮ |M Y " <i '+ni'

<i j ɹ =H**

 +EbɮvEɮlɦ{nYʴɶɪ i lq{I Bi iji{ɮix vɦvEɴ&* {nnYx ij

ViɶHOɽh j{t{ ɴɽɮ&* +i B {ڴjʺrʨi j {ʮɹhɨj{tɨ|ɴkɨɶRC, EɪEɱ{Iɸɪh ɨʽiʨiɽ&* lq{I& |MY|Eh ɹ**

 EɪEɱʨiɺ S Eɪh Eɱi = ɺzv |{i <il&* Eɪh ɺƺEɮɪ ɴkʱRMSxi{ʮɹhɨI{ <i ɴi*

 +i B '{ڴjʺr' <i j ɹ j{t +ʺrikj {n{itɪҺl {ʮɹh +|ɴkɨɶRC t{n ijʺr iiɽ ʺrʨiCi, iɴi%{ʺrʮiʦ|ɪE Elʨi |ɶx-'EɪEɱ Y{ʮɹɨ' j Eɪ ij{κli p]ʨiH*

 x S EɪEɱ {I 'R i' <in ' iɺnikɮ' 'iκzixn] {ڴǺ' <i {ʮɹu{κli {ɮii '=ɪxn {\Sɨxn ɱҪx' <i iκzi jɺlɦɹɺRMi&, =ɪEnɺlix {ɮiniɺɺRMiɮk&, {ɹ] Sn '<EMh' <ij E] <i Sɨ ;

ʴ|iɹvɺj%]vɪҺl{`Ei{ɮiɺ%%ɪhxni* xʽ EɪEɱ{I <iiɴi in{i* {Iu%{ |n ɤrVxxxʴɶi* xʽ ii{I%{Sixɺ ɺjɺ n ʴɽɪ iqMɨx ɨɴi* x{ɺnnrVxxx niM ɴi* +i B ɹ iκzi j E]& - j {`{Iɪ {ɮiɺ ɴɺl{Eiʨi* <EMhi jɺl E]i ixi B ; +xl ɴǶɺjh |ɪMlix |ɪMɰ{Enɺix C{ {ɮi xɺi* E\S ERi Si jɺl E]i ʴvɺjh lq {I {ʮɹn zvxx i {ɮi ɽxi* B\S I䦪 <ij {Sii& {ɮii 'ɽSx Zɱi' <iiʨitSUti, <iɱɨ**

 <iYE +x֤xv&, i乴ɴɪɴxɴɪɴiɺxn +ɽ-

 +xExi& +x֤xv& ** 3 **

+xExi& = +xɴɪɴ& <il&* xɴɪɴ EnSkj{ɱɦi B, + i x il, inlǦi ʴv En{nxi* ʶiEnin ɨ{%ɪɴiɮ{h ɨɺ v&* 'hUhE`' <in hi|ɪH Eɪ {ڴǺɪin i Jxi xhɨ* 'xiɨ' <ijxi ɤn& {ɮɨ{ vE&**

ɺiiɺk-

BExi&** 4 **

<i xɪɨ, ɺj ij{ɱɨnxjx{ɱɨSS* +xɴɪɴ ʽ EEnEViҪɺɨxvx M޽In{ɱɦi* xɨɪɨ* B ʽ ɽʽ{ xɪi B{{z&, +xin ɤn Ih S x**

E\S +xɴɪɴi hɶE|in hnʮix{k&, |iɪniɦɴi, nvxSɶSEɮ 說l{kɶS* <n\S 'iɺɱ{&' <ij ɹ {ɹ]* ij H, "BExi& +x֤xv&" <i xɪʨi nE**

xxExii%xEɱin +nx ɴni ʺnv '+xEɱ' j ʶnOɽh lǨi +ɽ -

xx֤xvEiɨxEɱiɨ ** 5 **

ʶnOɽhɨinY{E, ix '+hɺi' <inx ɴniɨ* bn ʴɹɪ i ɴni ʴx%x֤xviɺɦɴx%%x{ڴir**

xxɨ{ '+ni Jɨ' <ij {ɱ{kɮi Ei%nʤi PֺY|iɹv x i, n{& {Eɮi%xVxii|{i {ɱ{kɮ {Eɮɦɴxɺ n{iɦɴni +ɽ -

xx֤xvEiɨxVɨiiɨ** 6 **

'=nSɨR&' <i xn% Y{E&* '+nS ={V' <i jh{nɨxɺVxiɺi Gi, REɮiiVxiiɦɴni|{iiɺɺRMi&**

x Sɺɨɴɺlɪ iɺ viiɦɴiElɨiɨ, ij viʮiɺ xɴkʮixj ʴɺiɮ&* {ɹ]\Sn "nvPn{" <i j ɹ**

xxɨ{ '%ɰ{' jh Eʴɹɪ%h{{kʮii +ɽ-

xx֤xvEiɨɺɰ{ɨ** 7 **

'nninvi̴ɦɹ' <i hɤvEɺ ʴE{ʴvɪEɺ Y{E, ix 'Mn&' <in xhi '%ɰ{' j ɹ {ɹ]**  

  xx JOɽh ɼnxɨ Oɽh i, |EhɺʦvxɪɨEiʺri 'EjɨEjɨɪ& Ejɨ

EɪǺɨ|iɪ&' <i xɪi* +κi S |Ei ɼnx RJɺYEii Yxɰ{ |Ehɨ, xi E|ʺrEnnxʨii +ɽ -

=ɪMiʮ ɴi ** 8 **

<=ɺj* 'RJɪ& +iɶnxiɪ&' <i xɹv% Y{E&* x ʽ Ejɨ RJ ixi nxi %κi, ix 'Eiʮ EiʮEǴiɽɮ' 'EhɨP䦪& Eh' 'ʴ|iʹr SxvEh' <in EEGptMi&* ij Cɪ Mi&, CEjɨɺ, C Ejɨɺij Ixֺʮ Jxɨ ɮhɨ* +i B +ɩbi ɤnx Ejɨɺ Oɽh x i uκjPǹ]jɺ* {ɹ]\Sn RJ Y j ɹ*

k - Yɶɺjh SUɺj%xx ɤnxi Bi xɪɨli EjɨEjɨ xɪɤVʨi* iz ; iɨM޽iɶHOɽEix ʴvi ɨɴi, xɪɨiɪMi* 'ɴ ɴl SE&' <iɦ{Mɨ%{ Mo], xiɺq], ʴʶɹ ɴǶɤnlYxɺɶCii* ɨɨYx i֦v{ɪMixj xɰ{iɨ**

xx '+vi' 'ʪi' <inʴRRRin Mhxɹv& ni +ɽ -

EɪǨx֦ɴx Eɪ xʨkiɪ xɸҪi ** 9 **

'lhbSUʪiʮ' <i xnɶSɺ Y{E&* '>hxʴɹi' <in ʺr EɪǨx֦ɴzi* +j ʽ 'uSx%S' <i x ɤn uiɨ, +xl 'xR&' <iɺ ɹ]xiiizxiɺ E̪ix < uixʨkiɦɴki|ɴkx i*

ɺii& - ɨɴʪEɮh xʨkEɮhɪn EɱEixj|ʺriɪ iɺ iix%%ɪhɦɴx x Y{Ev* +i B & |ɪH&* ʽ iix%xɸɪh i& |ʺri tiɪii iiɨ* 'uSx%S' <ij ɹ vxi**

xx '|hn{ɪi' <in nɰ{ɺ ʴvҪɨx PֺY n{xǺni +ɽ -

nMɨɺinMhҦiɺinOɽhx Mxi ** 10 **

ɨq%%Mɨ ʴʽi&, inMhҦi& ɺjh inɪɴix vi%iɺinOɽhx inOɽEx invEx ɤvx Mi=vi <il&* ij inMhҦi <iƶ VElxɨ* E%{ nnkɺRMvC iuʶɹ] nnkOɽhx Oɽh oi*

ɨq ʴʽi <iH& '|xnɮi' <in x nʮiɺ Piɨ*

'+xE' <i Mvxɺɨln%xi* +xl '{Sɨx&' <inɴEɮ E-+xɪ {ʮɹɪ ʴʶɹ] ɴhnM iul {ɹ]* ix 'nnҪ' <in hn x, 'Vɽɮ' <in '+i + hɱ&' <i S x*

x SEɮnhǺ hxiɮɴɪɴ& Elʨi Sɨ, Sxxɴɪɴiɤvxi* iɺ Sɴɪɴiɺo {ɪǴɺx vɨ*

x SHY{EuhOɽh% +|ɴkʮi Sɨ ; '+x E' <i j ɹ%EɮRMɴɪɴɺ Mil '{Sɨx&' <ij 'iɺxnki' <i ɮ niɶRJn{nɦHinOɽhx Oʽi <iHRMi{k&*

E\S Rxi{nɴɪɴɺ i{ɮ R Rbil 'Ezɺi' <in R RbMɨ hi|{iɨɶRC 'nMɨ&' <i xɪxtxɺ{ {nxiOɽhx Oɽhi '{nxiɺ' <i xɹv <ixɪ

 

{ʮɹɪ '+MɨxɨMʨvɨǴʶɹ]{ vi' <iɶɪE 'R]' jɺlɦɹɺRMi&*

E\S-Mhn {ɮi ʴʶɹ] Mhit]ɨ* +xl '@Eɮ Mhɴr +ɮɴ' <i xɪɨ x i* iSS 'hOɽh' Bin|ɴk x RMSSi* +i B 'nɦ' <i j ɹɨ - "Mh ɴi, rǴi,

ʶɮ MhɴnvɺYE%ʦxɴii" <i* +i B 'x]' 'hx]' <in SʮilǨ*

'+xMɨEx MɨE& +n&' <iɺ iɪɨl& - +vviEbMɨ <il Yi, xi ɤnMɨʴvxx{i +l{kɨڱECxiɮE{xxbʽiɤr|ɺRM br& EiǴi* B\Snιɴj{ rʴ{ʮhɨ <i x xiiɽx&*

lxɴij S xonOɽhɨ* In]tɪҤviɺlxnɦɴ Sʮili* E\S i lxɤnv Eɪ|ɴi 'ɴɺlɪɨbi' ʺrxiɺRMi&* lxɴnɴʴɹɪ 'xnɨxɺ' <i {ʮɹɪ& |ɴk 'iɺhɨ' <iɪiɮ {ɮikɻn lxɴnɴx jɪnɨɶRJ, 'EnMi' xɪx ɨvx{ɮɹɺRMi&*

'B&' <in lxɹɹ]xnknxi{ɮiɪ {`iɴCɺ ɨnɪn{ɮix%%nOɽhɺɨlkɺ lxɴij Oɽhx x n&* +x֨xE lxnɦɴE{x%{ iɺlxnɦɴɺ x iM <i '+S& {ɮκx' <inxǺRMi&*

Bix - 'nMɨ&' <i {ʮɹ lxɴijh Mili{ɺlɨ* BiiɴǨ 'nvPn{' <i j ɹ {ɹ]**

xxɨ =nlnin '=n&lɺiɨ& {ڴǺ' <i {ڴǺɴh{kɮi +ɽ -

 xnɨxɺ%%n ɴxi** 11 **

  'ɹ]Һlx M' <i jɨɴii* ij uiҪɺɪɨl& - ɹ`xi xnɨxɨ = =SSɪǨhɨSSɪǨhɺViҪɨ, xnɨxɴɪɴɰ{ɨ lxx lxxɰ{iɺɨxvx Vi, x i |iҪɨxʨil&* ixn ʺr* x S '+S' <in nMhɨnx{k&, i xnɨxiɦɴni Sɨ, Vi{I nɦɴi* ERS 'x ںvɪ&' <i xɹvx OɽhEɺjM޽ix xnɨEɪǤvz n&*

<RRRi i <hhxiɶxviִ֧ʨilx vinxɨ{ xn]inxiniɪ* ʮRRi i {ɹ]lǨ** Bixn Ri hOɽh xnɨx {ʮɹɪ +|ɴkY{Eʨi{ɺiɨ* 'ɴɮ]' jɺlx '+Mɴɽxɨ{n%xiʴv& |ɪVxɨ, Iɺkj* xinκi |ɪVxɨ, xnɨxɺi ʺr' - <i ɹh ʴɮvi*

+xɪ {ʮɹɪ 'xʴv&' <i jɤviinxiɺ lxɴiɦɴ vxɨ, nMɨ <i ɤvɺ S*

ix '{n&' '=nli' <in ʺr&* +xɪ S ɺxʨkɺzv{ixɨ '+%xiɺ' <inx ɨɴ B, x vɤvE ɴ&, ʴɮvɦɴi* x{iɪRMRMɦɴ&, =ɪ{ {ɮlix inPi* '+xEɱ ʶi' <i j ɴǶSii{ʮɹɤvi B Mi*

k '+n& {ɮ' '+xiɺ' <iiɴ invEʴi iz ; '=n&li' <i jʴɹɪ%& '{n& {i' <i j ɹ \Sʮiii* x{iɪʮ vE, Biɪxʴɹɪi|ɺRMni 'i ˴ɶi&' <i j E]&* +EVɹɪ xɪ xɪ&, lxɴnɴx ixv{kxɪx invɪ EɪVxEii* <\S +ɪɴɹɹ]ʴɹɪ%{* +i B 'in& & ʴi' iɨ, '+iɺ&' <ij{ɺMiEɮ x* xnɨxɪֹntɪɴɨ{ɪǨiɺ ڪn&, x i '+iɪڪɨ' <in {ɺMǴɪɴɨ{ɪxiɺi vɨ* '{n& {i' <i j 'ɹ] lx' <i j S ɹ S {ɹ]**

  xx 'Si' <in ɺEɮ |ɨhi +xiɪnEɮ%{ ni +ɽ-

 jxEʴvɨxiɪ ij lxi +xiɪ ɱҪ&** 12 **

+xEʴvɨ = lxMh|ɨhEiɨ* +j xɨ 'ɹ] lx' <ii BEnxִi lx Oɽh%xִiǨx {x& 'lxxiɮiɨ&' <i j lx Oɽhɨ* ir iiҪɪ ʴ{ʮhɨ Cɦnx lxx& |ɺRM Vɪɨx& i ɨɴ lxi Bxiɮiɨ <ilE*

iɨɤOɽhɨxEʴvxiɪ kMɨE* lxi& = lxxil&* ij lxi +xiɪǨ '<E hS'

 

<in |ʺr* +li& '{qz' <in lxlʦvx ɨlǺ%%nii ʺrxitnlʦvxɺɨl &, iɺn <i iiɨxliiɨxɴh{nnx i, iViG]ʮi S* Mhi 'MPʮ&' <in* |ɨhi& '+n%&' <in* 'lx%xiɮiɨ&' j ɹ {ɹ]**

  xx '|fx' <ij '|nfi' r& ni +ɽ-

 +lǴnOɽh xxlE** 13 **

  ʴʶɹ]{{nx* ={κlilǺ ɤn |i ʴɶhiɪ%xɪɺɨɴ iM xɦɴ% ڱɨ* +jl& Eα{ixɪɴiɮEEα{i& ɺjҪ%{ Mi <i 'RJɪ&' <i j ɹ {ɹ]* < h Oɽh xi 'ɺ' <ij ɹ {ɹ]* +i B B ʴʶɹ]{{nx ʴɹɪi-r&* BixڱE 'x ʴv&' <ij ɹ {`i '+xlEx inxiʴv&' <i*

  E\S ' {ɨ' <i ɺj ɶɤnx%%iҪɴSx%l Mi, { ɤnx ɰ{ɨ, B\S inɪ ɤn Yi inl&* ijl x ʴɶ乪ɺij ɺjҪ{EɪǺɨɴi, Exi ɤnʴɶhɨ* B\Slʴʶɹ]& ɤn& Yi ʱiɨ* ix {ʮɹ ʺri ɹ {ɹ]**

  xxɨ{ 'ɽniɶSxp&' <ij '+xɽi&' <ii{kɮi +ɽ-

 MhɨJɪJ Eɪ ɨ|iɪ&** 14 **

  MhnMi Mh&* l-Mɤn VbnMhxʨk%l ɽE&* +|ʺrS Yn{ inMhɮ{n nvi* Jʨɴ |vxii J& = |lɨ <il&* Mh l ɤn& |ɪVɨx JlǮ{h |ɴli* B S|ʺri MhɱIhEi Sj Mhiɨ* ix '|ɪjɪhɨ' <in jɪn ɴi, ij jɶɤnlǺiɮʴɶhi%{HMhiɦɴi* E\Sɪ xɪ x |i{nEEɪ, Exi{k ʴʶɹl{ɺl{E ʴʶɹ]{ j io{nEɪ B* {ʮxι]iɺ {nxiɮɨxv ʽ 'MǽE&' <in Mhi|iixi |i{nEɨEɮɪʨixiɮRMiVViɺƺEɮvɪM& |i{nEEɪ |ɴiɦɴ Vɨ*

ɶ֮oɺ{iʨilE 'ɶʮ&' <inɴi <\& ʺr - ={kʨin* x S |i{iE{n ioʨi Sɨ, ix ʽ |i{nE{nix{κliʮi iɺ ʴʶɹl{ɺl{Eiɦɴi* x{i{n i Snix Snxɨ{ɺl{Eʨi inqEEɪxvɪE '+i' <inɴii|ɴi 'Mɴk' <in n x*

  '+Mxҹ hɴE' <ij |ʺrniuxuSMxҹ{n iio{ɮi%{xiɮRMiniɹi ɴi B* oɱIhEMxɺ{nuxu izɨEʴilE S xiɹi, +t MhɱIhEii, +xi%|ʺrii* +i B '+Mxɺ hɴE' <ij MhɨJxɪx iɴɮh{ɮ, "+Mx& iiiɺ&" <i jɺl ɹ RMSUi*

'M {`' <in J M{nlǺ {`xEiɺɨɴx xɦCii{kɴɪ |ɪHʦMhliɺ |iiɴ{{n|ɪMh rʦ& ɴj {n MhlEiɺ Oɽh '+i i ɨ{ti, '+ɽx ɽxi&, 'inɴi` <in ɶ|ɪM itnnMnx Ehx Sɺ xɪɺ {nEɪʴɹɪiɨSiɨ* +xl CɺƺEɮ {I i inx{k&*

E\S "Cɨ' <iH E xn] Ei GSxn]" <itCi '<nx MɨɦV Eh nnkin ɴ xn], Mɨ E, nnk B Ek, +V G' <ilExlǴijɺlɦɹh EɮEnj|ɪM MɺɴGvɽɮ |ɺH xɪɨl& GɴSEn|ɪM <iiki{ɪEh ɨxi& GVxɡɸɪiɨjʴɴIɪ uiҪnx vixJxʨilDZɦx {`xG%xɪEɱ {n Mhli|ii& |ɪH{*

BixڱE& "+ʦɴH{nl& ' <i E{ {nEɪʴɹɪE&* vxi Sn 'ɴnx' <i j Yɦix |iɹvɨɮi kEEi, "{ڴ{ɮ" <i j '+Yɪɨ' <i ni jEi, +xlǺYɪ ii|iJx Ei ɹEi S*

+lǸɪ Bin ɴi, ɤnɸɪ S nvi-<i '+i' jɺl ɹɺ EElǴiɪM{nɸɪ

 

B xɪ&, ipʽiɶɤnɸɪ S i <il&* 'Mi&' <i lɸiɺj ʴʶɹ]{{nxɺixHiiɺ

ɹɺ Jiniɱɨ**

+lǴnOɽh-<iɺ{ɴnɽ :-

 +xxκxOɽhxlǴi SxlEx S inxiʴv  |ɪVɪxi** 15 **

  'x ʴv&' <ij ɹ Sx {h {`i* ix 'Y' 'ɨx' <iu{&, 'nhb' 'M' <in '<xx' <i xɪɨ&, '{ɪ&' 'ֻi&' <in '+iɺxiɺ' <i nM&, 'ֶɨ' '|lɨ' <in 'x&' <i RΤxɹvɶS ʺr&* +x i '{ʮʴɹvɨ' <ij fiɴɴkɪ Gɨhi '<h& vɨ' <ijRMOɽhnlǴi{ʮɹ%xi, ixڱEʨnʨiɽ&* 'ʴɦɹ]&' <ijxlE vɨ& ɨɴnj{ iɺ Oɽhʨi ɨɴɮhɪ '+RMi' <i {ɮ**

xx '=S' <ij 'ʱRS' <ii& '+ix{n' <i ɨvi, +xxiɮini +ɽ :-

 BEMxn]x ɽ |ɴk& ɽ xɴk&** 16 **

  -ɤn Bl* {ɮ{ɮxilE{nxɨ-ɽxִkxɴk <il&* BEEɪ xɪHx ɽx E il nxni ɴ&* k-+j Y{E 'xbʶ' <ii <bixִiǨx '+vviEb' <ij {xʮbOɽhɨ* ir xiɺɺɨɨvlʨi* iz ; 'nvҴ]ɨ' <i j ɹ ijibOɽh|iJxɪb Oɽh%xִiǨx {xʮbOɽhɺ] Mhɰ{ʴEɮlEiɺHix iuvi* x\ xɴkɺi 'CSnEn%{ +xִii' <i xɪx ʺr* ɺi iɺi 'nvҴ]ɨ' <i jɺl ɹɨEnH&, '+vviE' <i jɺlbOɽhɺ 'xbʶ' <i j ɹ |iJxi, iiEhx M֯iɮixɨʸiii|iJxɺɪHii**

  xx-+MvG& |MxR&, =kɮ{nvEɮ& |MRMvEɮnix{{zɨ, BEMxn]ii* il 'nɨɽɪxxiSS' <in 'RJ%ɪn&' <ii& RJnʮixִii%ɪnʮi xɴkʨi Sx{{zɨi +ɽ-

 BEMxn]xɨn%{xִii** 17 **

  BEl M& = ɨxvɺix xn]& ɨnɪʦvʪuxuxn]ʮil <i '{Ik&' <i j E]&* iɴxjƹ ʮii|iYɤɱɱɦʨn* {ɹ] Sɨ 'nɨɽɪxxiSS' <i j '+i%ɺ&' <i j S ɹ {ڴ S**

  xx 'innxɨ&' <iɪnx '<ɨ' <inɴxxʺE& ni +ɽ-

 ɴɨxx ɴhx Oɽh x** 18 **

  +hnij '+|iɪ&' <ixx ɨiij|{iɨ, Vi{Ih|{iɨ,MhɦnEixS |{iɨ, xil&* +iBhnij |iɪ%%n%%Mɨ ɴhOɽhɦɴ |EɮxiɮhCi, 'B i̽ ʺr n|iɪ <i |iɹv κi, iVY{ɪi ɴi{ʮɹ 'ɴɨxx ɴhx Oɽh x' <i* E\S, 'Vn <Ǫɺ&' <ixiɪi nP ʺr 'Vni' <i nMSSɮhɨɺ Y{E* +hnij 'Vni' <i j S ɹ {ɹ]*

'S& E&' <in ɴɨxx{ ɴhOɽhɨ, ʴv =nnSSɮhɺɨli* Binʦ|i 'ɴɨx%h ɴhz

Mhi' <i xɴ& {`xi**

xxɨ '+n%&' <inx '+' <in nMʴvx x ni +ɽ :-

 ɴɨx%{Eɮ& ɴhx Mhɽi** 19 **

'n =i' '@i =i' <i i{ɮEhɨɺ Y{E* 'iiʮiɨ' <i j ɹ {ɹ]**

xx 'Mɴ ʽi Mʽiɨ' <in |iɪɱIhxɴtn{kɮi +ɽ :-

 

  hǸɪ xκi |iɪɱIhɨ** 20**

h|vxʴɹɪɨii* ii S '|iɪɱ{' <i j lxɴnixִi ʺr |iɪɱIhOɽh |iɪiɮʴɶhiɰ{ j |vx ij |ɴilǨiir* h{ɮvx S hǺiɮʴɶhiɰ{ |iɪxɰ{ixɶ乪iɰ{ S* ix 'Mʽiɨ' <in +n x, 'Sjɪ Vi Sj' <inɴh%Eɮinxix R{ S x* <ɨαv lxɴi|{iɴ{ |{i|iɪɱIhʴvxɹvEi {ɹ] ɹ**

xx '+i& EEʨ' <ij Eʨ Oɽh ʺr, EOɽh lǨ, +i +ɽ :-

 =hn%i{zx |i{nEx** 21**  

  <nɺ Y{Eʨi E]n&* Ei x, E%xʦvxi* "|iɪɺ E" <in ɹ {ɹ]* "hֱiS" <in ɹ i{zxi{* <n E]ɪxɮi* {hxiɴi{k{I Bi ɤnxn Jɮ xɰ{iɨ* "+ɪx" <i j ɹ {]ii**

xx 'nnkSSEҹi' <in nn& zxii|ɪHviit{kɮi +ɽ :-

|iɪOɽh ɺi ʴʽiɺinninxiɺ Oɽhɨ** 22 **

  "ɺi|iɪʴv&" <i j ɺi|iɪʴvɺinn|iɪ <i M ʴɦVi* Mh ={iɹ]i <i &* ix intxiƶ& ʺr&* inxiƶɺi "xʴv&" <ixx ʺr&* S ɤn{ ʴɶ乪ɨnɪ ʴɶ乪xiɮɺi* k |iɪx |EiɴɪɴEɨnɪI{i iuhix inxiʴvʮi* ii, x ; '<x' <in iɺ ioɺɨnɪx ʦSɮhI{ɺɨɴi* j |iɪ xʨkixɸҪi, ij innixiƶɨj{ɺliʮi "+RMɺ" <i j ɹE]&**

B j{ {\Sɨxii{ɮ& |iɪ +jҪi, j{ innixiƶ{κli&, {ɮxi ij {\Sɨxii* +i B "BR󿺴i" <i j BRxinilDZɦ&* +& {ʮɹɪ& |ɪVxxiɮ, 'xʴv&' <ij, ɹ =H, '{ɮMMǪh&' <i* {ɮMMǪhɺ{iʨi ʴOɽ%{ MMǪhɶɤnn |iɪ&, x ʴʶɹ]i* xɹE iɴxjhElԦɴɦɴ%{ kɦǴi* +j Sn ɹɨ xʨixj ʴɺiɮ&* |iɪɨjOɽh B, x i, |iɪ|iɪOɽh <i "=MiɶS" <i j ɹ* <ɨRMɺY j ɹ {ɹ]**

  x ʴvʮi j ɹ BinP]Einxiƶɺ{ɴn& {`i :-

 |iɪOɽhB S{\Sɨ&** 23 **

j {\Sɨxii{ɮ& |iɪ& Eɪxiɮʴvxɪ {ʮMi, ij inxiʴvxil&* l "nɦ xɹ]ix&" <ij* ix okhin viiEɮ x xiɨ* inxiiƶx{κliɴ{ inniƶɺ{κli -nxii{ɮ xɹ]iɺil <i x n&, inx{κli xɦɴi* inxiƶ{κli iڦɪExɹɪiɨ ni 'okh&' <in n& n* "iɺ ޱ]&" <in ޱ]& {ɮʮil xɪɨxɴvɺERIix{κliviʮiɺɴvix

+xɪz inxiʴZ&* 'Rɦ&' <in i x n&, ij Eni xɪiɴvERIɪ +ɴx {\Sɨxiɺ |iɪʴɶhiɦɴi* +RM Y j i inn& |iɪ {ɮ <il {\Sɨxiɺ ʴɶhi {ɹ]* +i B "=kɨEɦɨ" <in xn& RMSUxi**

xxɨ 'Eɮ ɨhҰ{' <in 'Pɰ{' <i {kɮi +ɽ:-

 =kɮ{nvEɮ |iɪOɽh x inxiOɽhɨ ** 24 **

"nɺ Jɪhn" <ij JOɽhi* ij Ji x P\xiɨ, +xʦPxi* < S 'nɺ' <i j B ɹ {ɹ]**

xxɨ '{ɮEɮҹMxv{j&' <ij '+iEɮҹMxv{j&' <ij "R& ɨ|ɺɮh {j{i&"

 

<i ni +ɽ:-

  j|iɪ Sx{ɺVx x ** 25 **

ʴɹɪɺ{iɨҪɨ* & j|iɪ& κjɪ |vxx%% ij innxɪɨ x, ɺi|vxx%% ij innxɪɨ%iil&* |iɺi ɺ ɨnɪɺj|iɪxiiɨx inl |ix{ɺVxiɨii{ʮɹ|ɴk xʨkɨ* ix '+iɮVEʮ&' <in VEɮҶɤnlǺiɶɤnl |i{ɺVxi%{ inl |ix{ɺVxii innxɪɨɦɴx ʺr&* +i Bj {ʮɹɪ x ɺjҪɨ{ɺVxiɨ, +ɨɴi* +& '|iɪOɽh' <iɺ{ɴnii inECi{ziSSj{ Oɽh{n

ɨxvx j|iɪɺɨxOɽh iuOɽh S |ɴk&, x i j|iɪɺj|iɪOɽh* vxi\Sn '+lǴi'

j ɹ* < S SxC* 'R&' <i j ɹ {ɹ]**

  xxɨ "iɮ{iɨ{ P&" <inx iɮxin& Y ni +ɽ:-

  Yʴv |iɪOɽh inxiOɽh xκi ** 26 **

  "{iRxiɨ" <ixiOɽhɨɺ Y{E* x S |iɪɪ& {nYɪɨ{ |iɪOɽh{ʮɹɪ inxiOɽhɦɴi Y{i%{ ɦɴ <i Sɨ, {nYɪ& 'n' <i ʴɹɪ |Ei xɹ]iɪ {nOɽhɺ |iɪɨjOɽhiɦɴi* "{iRxiɨ" <i j ɹ {ɹ] **

xx '+i{i xEκliɨ' <in xEκli ɤn Hxiiɦɴi ɨɺ x ni +ɽ:-

  EnOɽh MiEɮE{ڴǺ{ Oɽhɨ** 27 **

  +ɶS Eh Hxi =kɮ{n%xxiɮ Mi& |Eiɺɮ <ilE 'Miɮxxiɮ&' <i j +xxiɮ Oɽh Y{E* ir '+riɨ' <inɴiɴ{i ɮhlǨ* '|iɪOɽh' {ʮɹɪriɺ Hxiiɦɴn

+|{i inl n Y{E* x S '+riɨ' <in {ɮii 'MiMi' <ixxɦxPi Bi Sɨ, {nnlix, {ni{ɮiɦɴx S in|{i&* +xxiɮOɽh Eii iiɨin MiI{ivixɰ{iɨxxiɪ Mi <i x n&* x S '+riɨ' <inɴʦx ɨɺ%xxiɮn& {ڴ{niɦɴ%{ ɮl ini Sɨ* 'EɮEn nk' <i j 'EɮEi' <i M ʴɦV ij Mi Oɽhɨxִi EɮEn {ɮ Mi{ڴ{n

Hxiɨxinkʨi xɪɨx llnɮ|{i Eiɮhn =nkiʺr&* iɺnxxiɮOɽh ɴʽixɴilǨi Y{E* j MiEɮEɨʦɴɾi Enxi ij EnOɽh iuʶɹ] Oɽhɨ* '+{'

ɤni inɨʦɴɾiɺ Eɱɺ{i inl&* +xl%xɪ EnOɽhʴɹɪ {ɮii '|iɪOɽh' {ʮɹɪ v B ni{ Oɽhɨ* +i B 'RE]xɨ' <i 'MiEɮE{{nxɨ' <i 'EnOɽh' <i S {ʮɹɦ Enxix ɨɺ Ei ʴʶɹ]nh ʺnvi, x i 'RE]xɨ' <i '{ƪMi' <i j ɹH RMSUi +xl ij EɱE]ziiɺ{xhxiiki%h {IEn nǮ B i* {ɹ] Sn ɴǨ "ɨɺ%x\{ڴ" <i j ɹE]&* 'Miɮxxiɮ&' <ij i Mi& {ڴ{n Hxi =kɮ{n {ɮ Eɪʴvxkiɨɴvx%{ Eɱɺ Hxiix Oɽh vɨ* < S EuOɽh EiɨxOɽh S, x i EnEnOɽh <i* '+x{ɺVxi' <i j ɹ {ɹ]**

 {nRMvEɮ iɺ S inxiɺ S ** 28 **

  {nRM S ʴɶ乪 ʴɶhx S inxi ʴv&* ix '<]ESiɨ, {C]ESiɨ' <in

"<]EEɨɱx Si" <i &, 'ɽx, {ɮɨɽx, {ɮiɨɽx' <in "xiɨɽi&" <i nMǶS ʺr&*

+i B 'inkɮ{n' <i {`%H <i ɹ {ɹ]* +j {nɤnxkɮ{nvEɮ&, Eɱ{nvEɮS*

"{n {nVi" <ij x inxiOɽhɨ, Ix֮vni ɴǨ, "x ʴv&" <ij ɹ {ɹ]**

xxɨ '+{iʨ&' <inɴnxi|i{nEɦɴn\ x i, +i +ɽ :-

   {nʶɴnEκx ** 29 **

 

  xʨkɺnɴi ʴʶɹ]%{n J ɴɽɮ ɺκi {n* ɺi {nɽiɦɴnʴtxɴ{n%ɽɪ&, ix iֱ ii, Eɪ |iiEκzɺɽɪ%{ iiEɪ EiǴʨil&* ixEɮ{nxiiz Ii&*  BEκziH& 'ɦɺzɪx' +Eɮ xniɨ, nʮpPiʴEɮ xxiiɨ* +xl 'ɦɺzɪx ɴ&' <il "rSU&" nʮpPiʮhxiɱIh%k i*   +i B 'ʮ' <in & {ni x* E%{ ɽ{jɺi xEκx V`Exɹ`inɴɽɮ% V`&, Exɹ`&, vɨ <i, ExiE{jɺi B* +xx +ɺjҪɺ{in&* +i B '<ɪ' <inɴESixɤxvx ui ʺr&* +i B 'ɴi' <in '' <iɺRMiɨ, '<x' <in EɪEɱ{I irixiixɤxvx|i{nEiS ʺnvi* +xl ɺuʽiɺinniɦɴz i*

ɺi %lǴƺijlǺ iM{nxɦɨEV{n&, l '<ɪ' <inɴlǴi vi hǰ{ BE%Vi

E]&, iz ; iɺ 'BE{n @E' <ij ɹHi Jɴɴɽɮ ii* "BE{n @E' <ijlx H

{n&" <i ɹ =H* @CinlǶɤnɪɴkix iɺ& ɤnjɰ{ {nE%ɪɴ <il <i inɶɪ&*

iɺnEκxikrǮ{h M{i l V]inɴɽɮ&, l S 'ʶɱ{jE ɰ' <inEκzɮ{ixEEɴɺlʦ& ɨnɪɰ{itɮ{hiɺ ɰʨinɴɽɮ&, iljESin ɴɽɮ{{kʮi Exɪʺrɨ*

x Sɺɽɪ Bii|ɴk ɴiij '' <iɺRMix{k&, ɺɽɪini Sɨ, {ɨnɪRMi Eɪ ɺuʽiɺinniiɺ ɺɽɪiɦɴɱE ʴViҪExni%{E{jɺ iκzɪɨ V` <inɴɽɮi*

x Sɨ 'xV Siɮ BES&' <i ɹɺRMi&, <Eɮɺɽɪiɦɴx ijESix{{nxni Sɨ, 'BEκx' <iɺ{ɪDZSxɪ ii|ɴk&*

+lǴi {nʶɴnɴ <ijlǴi{nx{ɺɽɪiɨ{ɱIi* +lǤvEx ɤnx {nʶɺo ɴ& Eɪ ɦi <i inl&, |ɪ%ɽɪ BlǴii* 'Ei' <in iɶɤnEɮ%Sɨxi <i ɴɽɮ

+nǺi ɴɽɮ Sɺɽɪ Bi ij {nʶɴnɴx ]Yʺrʮixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx MMn ʴʽi \ inxi ʴvx {ɮMMn%{ i, +i +ɽ:-

 Oɽhɴi |i{nEx inxiʴvxκi ** 30 **

< S 'ɨɺ|iɪʴv |iɹv =MuhOɽhɴVǨ' <i iEl|iɪƶxִn&* +i B

'x ʴv&' <i j ɹ |iɪʴvʦz "+{ix" <in Mh|i{nEx{ inxi ʴv|i{nxɨ 'ɺ, {ɮɺɺ' <itnɽh\S RMSUi* +i B S inxiʴvɺj ɹ ɨɺinxɹvɺ Elxɴn x Elxɨ* %{ xɹv ʴʶɹ ikp{h M޽i|i{nEj B* vxi Sn, "+ɨɺ xɹEn&" <i j ɹ*  

+j S Y{E "{ڴSS" <i jɨ* +xl "{ڴnx&" <ij inxiʴvx ʺr E ix**

xxɨ "jxi]`E" "nxibb&" "BEM{ڴi" <in& Eɱ jɶɤn nxɤnEɤnn{ |ɴkɴ{nʶɴnɴi i, +i +ɽ :-

 {nʶɴnɴ%|i{nEx ** 31 **

"{ڴi{ڴnx&" <iEM B EiǴ {lM MEhɨɺ Y{E* x S "<]n&" <i j%xִil il {`&, +i Bxɹ]inʺrʮi Sɨ, Y{E{ɮɹ|ɨhxxɹ]in|ɮMh

+xɹ]ii, BEM%{ iɴi =kɮjxִk vEɦɴSS*

+i B "xxinRJn&" <i SʮilǨ* +xl '{\Sɨ&' <inɴ{ {nʶɴnɴx

RJnii iul {ɹ]*

 

< S |i{nE Oɽh B, x i |i{nE|i{nEOɽh* ix "=MiɶS" <ij x n <i ij ɹ {ɹ]* <ɨ 'Oɽhɴi' <i S {ʮɹ |iɪʴvʴɹɪi '+ɨɺ xɹEn&'<i j ɹE]&*

ix '+x' <in& {ɮɽxɤn Eɱɽxɤn S |ɴkʮixj ʴɺiɮ&**

 

  xx 'xi ʪ' <in n |iɪ <il& Elɨ? +i +ɽ :-

κxvɺinnɴɱOɽh ** 32 **

inxiʴv{ɴn <ɨ* SxC "x ʴv&" <ij ɹ {`i* +ɶS ɰ{ɺi {iɨ xʨkɨ* +i B "xbʶ Ei" <in ɶn& Ei <itlDZɦ&*

< S "+vviEb" <i j ɱnʮinOɽhɺɨln ʴɶ乪ʴɶhɪɪ& {iɨxii B |ɴii* ix "b& ʺ v]" <in n& {ɮi xl&* "iҹɺɽ" "%ʺS" <in l inʮitlDZɦ&, il ɤnxnJɮ xɰ{iɨ**

  "P]{], P]{]" <in ʺr +ɽ :-

 ɴ uxu ʴɦɹɪEnɴi ** 33 **

  "uxuS |h" <in|Ehʴɹɪ& ɴ uxu <il&* "Sl uxu&" <i jh ɨɽɮiɮMɪʴɶh uxu ʴvxi xɪʺrɨ* "iɹ{xɴǺ&" <i jɺl ɽSxɺi Oɽhɨɺ Y{E* irn "iɹ{xɴǺ" <ij inɴilǨ*

x Sɨ{j "Viɮ|hxɨ" <i xiEnɴx ɽSxɦɴnn j lʨi Sɨ, iuEα{Eiɺ{xx Y{xi* x Si |hx <i Sɨ, "+{ɪ& |h&" <i in̴x Mɪɨx|hxɨ |hii* {ɹ] Sn "iɹ{xɴǺ&" <i j ɹ*

+i B "uxuS |h" <in& |hRMnxɨ ɨɽɮ <i ʴ{ɮixɪɨ x **

ɴ ʴvɪɶUxnʺ ʴE{xi ** 34 **

"iɪ ɽɨ" <i j ɹ ɽʨi MʴɦMx "ɹ`ҪHUxnʺ" <i j i MʴɦMx S vi* ix "|i{ɨx >̨ɪvi" <in ʺr* ri <i |{xi**

xx Iɪ <inʴɪR Elɨ? +i +ɽ :-

|EiɴnxEh ɴi ** 35 **

Iɪ <iҪR xn% Y{E&* ij |i{nEi xɤxvx ʴɦHEhnxi Sʨi "Iɪ nPi" <i j ɹ {ɹ]**

xx "ɨ" <in r Eiɪ EɪEɱ {I El {niɨ? =ɪi +ɸɪh%xiniɦɴi ɺuʽiɺinninxiiɦɴni +ɽ :-

  BEnʴEiɨxxɴi ** 36 **

+xxɴniɺxɴzil&* ijxɺoxɹv%xiɦɴ& iɮɨ* +i B ionlǤv&, +xl HiɴSUnE{ڴYxi ii v x i*

B\S xi xiɺ ɺn ʴʽiɺiiɨ, + <iɺ {ɮnix {iʨi inninxiiɨ

+lǺɨVOɺlɨ*

Uz{SU x iɴɴSɽɮxxi ii Exɪ ʺr* +i B "|MnҴi" <i j ɹ

nҴiɶɤnEnnҴSɤnxEhʨnʨiCi, El ʴEixn&? Bin Y{ɪiSɪ ɴi {ʮɹ "BEnʴEiɨxxɴi" <iH*

Bixɪ xɪ& ɺjҪEɪ B ɺjʴEɮ Bi{ɺiɨ* ʴEiɴɪɴ xɤxvx Eɪ i xɪɨ,

 

Uz{SU x {SUiɴɴɽɮi ʴEiɴɪɴɴɴɽɮ n{{nii*

BɨH{ʮhOɽh%{ xɪɨ, =HH&*

Bii "xʴv&" <ij ɹE]vxiɨ*

j iv invE ʴEiɨ, ij Viɴ\VEڪ%ɪɴnxɦɴx ii|ii Eɪʺvl ʴEixɱ{ɴɪɴi|iil S "lxɴi" jɨ* CSk Ix֮vzɪxɸɪhɨ* ix '+ɦҪi <in ʺr&* {ɹ] S CSzɪ|ɴk& "|lɨɪ& {ڴǺɴh&" <ij E]x n̶iixj ʴɺiɮ&**

 

<i xMɦ]]ʴɮSi {ʮɹxnJɮ   ɺjiɺɨ{nxqxɨE

|lɨ |Ehɨ**

+l vɤVxɨE uiҪ |Ehɨ**

 

 {ڴ{ɮxixiɮVRM{ɴnxɨkɮkɮ ɱҪ& ** 37 **

{ڴi{ɮ ɱɴi, ʴ|iɹv ɺji, {ڴǺ{ɮ vEʨi ɴi**

 xxɨ 'ʦxv' <ij {ɮii iiR vi vx ni +ɽ :-

 {x& |ɺRM ʴYxi ʺr ** 38 **  

 xxɨ 'iɺhɨ' <ij {ɮii iɻn {xɺjɪn& ni +ɽ :-

 EnMi ʴ|iɹv n vi in viɨ ** 39 **

ij CSSSʮilǪEκx M{nɪ& EɪǪɨɴx vEɦɴi {ɪǪh iVnSUɺj

u|ɺRM xɪɨlǨ "ʴ|iɹv" jʨi EnMixɪʺr&*

l iֱɤɱɪE& |乪 ɴi* iɪ& {ɪǪh Eɪ Ei, n iɨ֦ M{i |ɪi xxnI S Eɪ inɪx Ei, M{tɺɨɴi* il ɺjɪIlǪ& CSɱI M{tx |ɴiɺɨɴn|i{k |{iɪʨn {ɮʴvlǨ* ij Ei n {ڴ|{iɮκi, i̽ in{ ɴii '{x& |ɺRMʴYx' ʺrʮi "ʴ|iɹv" j ɹ {ɹ]*

k E]n H {nl |iɱI Ih{{ɴnɪ{ ɺjɪikɱIɪSʮilx {ɪǪh u{ |{i {ɮi xɪɨlʨnʨi 'EnMi' xɪʺr&* +j {I BizɪɨɴɶniɱIʴɹɪE {ڴǶɺjx{{ɴ B*

Vi{I iqiɴSUnEGxi CSɱI SʮilǪu& ɺjɪ& i|i{Ixɪx Mnɪɺɨɴɰ{ʴɮvɺlɱ =ɪ{|{i {ɮʴvlʨnʨi {x& |ɺRMʴYxʺrʮiɽ&, iz ; H{I ɴ I ɺj {xi x Vi{I <ij xɦɴi*

'x h xi' <in ViɸɪɺEɴHʴɹɪilǨ Vi{Iɸɪhɺ ɹ nxi* +i B "ɰ{" j ɹ Vi {nl%xɴɪɴx Ex ʴv|ɴk& "Mx֤xv&" <in E Mɴx֤xvxɺɨɴi Eh MhɨH* pɴn SɺɴpɴMi& 'Mx֤xv&' <inɴE& ɺjH%{ɮ%ɺjH <iH*

E\S xʽ ɹH iVno]xiɺ HI B ɴ ʴɹɪiɨ x ni{I <ij xɨκi*

+{ S H{I%{xɴH{ ʴɹɪɱɦx SʮilǪʮ Hʴɮvi ʴɹɪEi x

E{ɪii H Cɨ* Vi{I%{ iVViɸɪinHʴɹɪEiɨ ; xinHʴɹɪEiʨij

 

xɪɨEɦɴ&*

ij Ixֺɮi CSSUɺjҪo]xiɸɪhɨ, CSɱEEo]xiɸɪhʨi ɹɺɨi M B H <i vɨ*

u& EɪǪM{txɺɨɴ B ʴ|iɹv ɺj{ɪM* <n "<E Mh" <i j E]

{ɹ]*

l 'ʶɹ]i' <in iiRҦɴɪM{i|ɴk ɺxʨkxxiɪǺɨɴ&* t{ iiRn& lxɴnɴxɺl ii, il{n|ɴikɮ &, x i ii|ɴkEɱ*

B x֨iViɪ& '|ɪG]x' <in M{nɨɴ&, nMɨ <iɺ x֨|ɴikɮ |ɴk&* Bɨ 'ʦxv' <ij iiRvɦɴɪM{nElxɺɨxvɺRMɰ{xʨkxxiɪǺ Sɺɨɴ v&* x֨x]{ x]VnʴɦCixxiɪǤv&, xʨ xiRMɤv <iɺɨɴi ʴ|iɹv&*

CSn]x֮vx {ڴǶɺj ʮii|iYɤɱi ʮixvE Eɪʨili {ڴǨ ɴi* ix ɴ {ڴ ʴ|iɹv& RM޽i <i "ʮix" <i j ɹ* ʴ|iɹvɺjɺl{ɮɤvɺ]Sii iiROɽ <i "ʴ|iɹv" j ɹ**

xxɨ 'Bvi' <in {ɮii ʴEh "+xnkRi&" <in xɪɨx{{k&, ix ɴvxi,

+i +ɽ :-

   ʴEh䦪 xɪɨ ɱҪx ** 40 **

+j "n& ɺx&" <i jh ʴɦɹ%iRvx Y{E* +xl ɴɴvx xɪɨ|ɴk ɨx ɺjhɪʺr ʴE{ʴvx l i* +jl Y{i i '' <i ij ʴɹɪɺ{iɨ ti "+xnkRi&" <ij ɹE]& {ɹ]*

ʴEhɴɴvx%{ xɪɨ|ɴkʮn Y{Eʨi "n& ʶi&" <ij ɹ vxiɨ*

ɺii%VY{Ei "+xnkRi&" <in|Eh iɤnʴvECiɪ ʴvɪE* ij "vi&" <i ʴʽi {\Sɨ, iiɨxvEhɨ "+xnkRi" <in ʴʽiʴɶhɨ*

B\S ɴɺlɪ %{ inɴvx iRr&* ɤnɺi {ڴǨ xɪɨ&*

u ɨj{IinxiɮRM +n&, Eɮʴɶ{Iii n ʽRM <i nMMɱIh{\Sɨɨ{ x n&*

+j {I "n& ɺx&" <i j ʴɹɪ <i Jɪɨ* +ix {n ɤnn ʴɺY%%ɪhҪi iiɨ*

ʦzɴCiɪ ɨx ɺjʴʽix xɪɨ i Mnx xɪɨx VixɴkɮRMEɪ* "Hxi |i Cl <i ڪi, E ix Ei i" <i xɪɺi xj ɺj +ɸʪi H&, xɪɨn ɺjh l{k&* vxi Sn "lx%xiɮiɨ&" <i j ɹ*

ɺjxlC i rY j ɹiɮEiɨ* ɨxɶɺjhi{kɺi ɰ{ɺjɺil E] i |vxx֮vx MhɦnE{x iɴi|Ei E{xɪ Eɪ, |iɪxɴk S iiEα{i|Ei{ xɴk& E{i Mʨixj ʴɺiɮ&**

{ɮzi ɱɴi ** 41 **

EiEi|ɺRMii* ijC{iɦɴEɦɴE{x{Iɪ C{iɦɴE iiE{xɨSiʨi, xiɺ ɱɴi Vɨ**

inɽ :-

EiEi|ɺRM xiɨ, iu{ɮiɨxiɨ ** 42 **

+i B 'ini' <in {ɮn{ Mhziii |iɪnǴi**

nHɨxviɪ {ڴ |ɴkɺinHɨxviɪ {x& |ɴk

EiEi|ɺRMiʨiɶJɪxɽ :-

ɤnxiɮ |{xִxvɮxi ɴi ** 43 **

<n 'n& ʶi&' <i j ɹ {ɹ]* ij ʽ 'xʴɶi' <ij ʴEh Ei inxiɺb, +Ei ʴEh vi֨jiɺibxi <iH**

Bikֱxɪxɽ :-

ɤnxiɮi |{xִi& ɤnxiɮ |{xִiɶSxiiɨ ** 44 **

BixڱEɽ :-

jhxiɮh |{xִx ʴvɮxi& ** 45 **

+inʴɹɪ <ɨ "+ʺri" j E]xH **

n i ɺjɴiɮEh iuvEɪǪ xiin ʴSɮ n%{ Hʴɶɸɪhɦɴ&, inɽ :-

CSiEiEi|ɺRMɨjh{ xii ** 46 **

Ei uiҪ xiixʦɨiɺ {x& |ɺRMɨj xiiɴɴɽɮ |ɪVE, x i vEɤvi {ʽi |ɺRM%{ ili ɴ&**

inɽ :-

ɺ S Ihxiɮh xʨk ʴɽxi x inxiɨ ** 47 **

CSk vEɤvi {ʽi |ɺRM B Mi inɽ :-

ɺ S Ihxiɮh xʨk ʴɽxi in{xiɨ ** 48**

{iɨ E]xin{ɹ]E Eɴɽɮuɨnɾiɨ* ʱɺOҴɪvɨxɪMɴi ʱx i%{ OҴɺ ʱi& |ɤɱ x ɴɽxi, Mɴiɽɪ& {hbVǪ ɤv{ {hbx |ɤɱ ɴɽxi Si

ɴ Sn Ix֮vn ɴκliɨ**

"]& |lɨɺ" <i j ɹ -

ʮzɺ |{xִxvɮxi ɴi ** 49 **

<i {`i* j iE EɪǺ {ɮi xii S, ijSUxiɮknɪ iɺ ɱɴi xɪɨEֱJɨ* +i B ij {ɮiziiSSi ɹ =Si*

ɺiiɺij {ɮiniHEnʶx&* {ɹ] Sn ʴ|iɹv j E]* "hSR" <i {Iɪ xiixiɮRMi|ɪHuiɺ |lɨi& |ɴk xiini ɹ =H* B xixiɮRMɪDZɴiɨ{ M{tɺɨɴ Bi t**

xin{xiɮRM ɱҪ& ; +xiɮRM ʽRMɺʺrii* inɽ :-

+ʺr ʽRMɨxiɮRM ** 50 **

+xi& = v, ʽRM ɺjҪ xʨkɺɨnɪɨv, +xiɦixRMx xʨkx ɺ inxiɮRMɨ* B inҪxʨkɺɨnɪn ʽiRME ʽRMɨ* BiSS "Jɮɺx&" <i j "+ʺri

j S ɹE]& {ɹ]* +jRM ɤnx ɤn{ xʨkɨ Mi, ɤnɺj iɺ |vxii* ix +lxʨkE x ʽRMiɨ* +i B "x iɺSiɺ" <i xɹvɶSʮil&* +xl

jiɰ{lxʨkEiɻ{Iɪ%xiɮRMii jɪn inRMi& {ɹ]*

 

+i B 'jɪn xiɺ |iɹv&' <i "lxɴi" jɺl ɹɴiEn RMSUi*

Bix 'Mv&, '{Sx' <inɴnxɨRMɺYɺ{Iix ʽRMiɪ%ʺrin ʱɱ{ x ni {ɮɺiɨ* Bnn{ɮxʨkEixxiɮRMiSS*

xx "xʴvɺinxiɺ" <i j ɹ "<EhS" <inɴ{ inxiʴv 'x&' <ij

+xiɮRMin h MhɤvEiʨɹi, iz ʺvi, >xɶɤnʸi hn&, x ɤvɨʸi Mh <ixiɮRMin Mh B niH*

+j E]&* ʺɴǽEnhnE x |iɪ Mhɴɱ{` |ɺRM >`{ɴnin ɱ{ vi, Mh ixiɮRMin vi* MhRMɺɨxvxʨMIh PҨ{vɨvviE Sɸɪi* >` i EɮxiɨRMɨxxʺEn\S |iɪʨiɱ{{IinxiɮRM&* ij Ei h Mh |{xi <i*

B\S Y{Iɺ{ ʽRMi {ɹ]HʨiSi, x ; inxiʴvɴ{ ɽ{nl{Iiɰ{ ʽRMiɺ Mh ix ij nElx{ɮɹɺRMi&*

ʽRMxiɮRMɶɤnɦ ɼ{Iiɱ{{Iiɪ& ɤnɪn%ɦSS* il iʺr ɼ{Iɨɱ{{I <i ni*

+i B ʴ|iɹvɺjɦɹ 'Mhthn%xiɮRMii' <iɺ 'x&' <inɽhɨ, x i Mhn` +xiɮRMiniH*

ipi in{ HSiɨ* |lɨi in HSiɨ* ɨ ixiɮRM{ʮɹɪ iuɮhɺɨɴi izH*

E\S ʺrxi xiin Mhi{ڴǨ`, Mhɺi h viinxi&* >xɶɤnʸiin ɹɺRMi Sxiɨ*

ʱ {%xiɮRM{ʮɹ x |ɴii <i i x H* iij ɹ B ɶSn {i|ɺRMɨɶRC{nɺɨlz*

xS '޶Si' <in SʮilǪɨ, ʽRMiɪ ɨ|ɺɮhɺʺrix {ڴǨ ii|{iʮi ɹH&*

k xɱ{ɺ ]Yɪɨʺrii '{\S' <ij "x ]" <i xɹv <i, iSSxSɨ*

x {ɺʽ {nYɺ{Iix ʽRMi Sɨ, iSS, x ; YEi ʽRMiɺxɸɪhi* '{\S' <ij

xɹvɺi κjɪ i|{xi, izi Jxɺɨlx i{ڴǹ]iɨnɪi vɨ*

+i B EiiOɽh SʮilǨ* 'jɽɨ' <in {nixʨkEi%{ xɱ{ɺ ʽRMiɦɴi* ɨ& {nYxʨki%{ xɱ{ɺ izʨkEiɦɴi* {ɮ{ɮ xʨkiɨnɪ ʽRMiɸɪh i x xɨ* vxi Sn "xɱ{& {" <iɺj ɹ <i, ij ɹ|n{ti xɰ{iɨ*

+xiɮRM EiǴ Vi iiEɱ|{iE S ʽRMɨʺrʨil&* ɶSn {nƺEɮ {I ɨxEɱiɨ uʮi vɨ*

Bix '+xiɮRM ʽRMn ɱҪ&' <i {ʮɹxiɮʨi{ɺiɨ* Bxɨʸi 'ʴ|iɹv' j ɹ iɺ& |iJxSS*

+xiɮRM ɺjiɨɺʱRMɨ*

< S j{t x |ɴii, j{t +ʺrii* +\S "ɽ >`" jɺlɨ` Oɽh Y{Eʨi {n{itɪҺl* +xl ɨ|ɺɮhɨjʴvxx P{vMh "r S" <i r 'ʴɷ&' <inʺriul {ɹ]* i iɺ ʽRMɺɨ|ɺɮhɺʺriɱP{vɽh x i*

x S "{Mxi" <i j xʨkʨE ʴɶhɨ, +i B 'ʦxk' <in x Mh&* B

"xVxxiɪ" <i xɹvi El {ʮɹ|ɴkʮi Sɨ, |iɪɺRMƶ =iliERIix ijɴxɪi, "{Mxi" <in Evɮɸɪhx |iɪ{ɮRMɴɪɴɱP{vɰ{E Mh <i "<EMhɴr" <i j ɹ

ɨi%l 'ʦxk' <inɴnSS*

 

+Eɮxi{ɺM%xEɮxi S{{n ɽǽ--hʴSɴxʦvxzɺi B*

ɪǽʮin i '>i&' C{ vɨ* vixɨxElizlǺRMi&* '|&' <itv,

r|{i&* +xlCz "|n`" <iɺ{ |ɴk&*

x S EɪEɱ{I j{tɨii|ɴknǮi Sɨ, {ڴ |i {ɮʺrinxiɮRMɦɴx {ڴǺ

izɰ{iɤʽRMiɦɴi iɪ iɺʺri |i{nxɺɨɴi*

x Sxɪ {ڴǺʺrinɴx i |i {ɮʺri {ڴjixx HɶCʨi Sɨ, B ʽ ʴxMɨxʴɮnɪ{|ɴk{k&*

E\S {ڴjiɺ |iIix ixx֨xC + v BSi&* +i& EɪEɱ {Iɨ{GHHүCi "+i%H% {ʮɮ x ʽRMɱIhii" <iH ʴɺVxҪɺjɦɹ ʺrxix* j{nҺl%xiɮRM EiǴ {ʮɮ x H <i inl&* Exi Sxɨɮvɴʨi inɶɪ&*

+i B "xMɱi" <in ilǨ 'iɺ n&' <i Sxɨɮvɨ* +xl%xiɮRMii

hɱ{i {ڴ Eα{Ei iul {ɹ]*

%{ Ix֮vnx֨xC%{xiɮRM{ʮɹɪ |iIʺr {ڴjiɺ v nxi, i%{ IhESI̦x%%niǴi nE* +i B "+RS" <iROɽh SʮilǨ* ir "J] + >f&" <ij {ɮ{ ɴhnP vi%xiɮRMin Mh Ei r|{i {ɮ{lǨ* vxɤvE|iɪi{ixxiɮ {ڴ vi{ɺMǪM {ɶSi 'J]' ɤn ɨnɪx Mi MhɺxiɮRMiʨi "ɨ|ɺɮhSS" <i j ɹ

{ɹ]*

'Bʽ' <ixEhɺ ʶɴnɤnɨxv i xɺ |ɴk&, Y{E{ɮ "ɨ|ɺɮhSS" <i jɺlɦɹ|ɨhxʨiɨ, '|EiɴnxEhɨ' <iinɨnɪ ɤvRMi Bin|ɴk&*

k "{ڴ vi֯{ɺMh Vi {ɶSi vɨ* ={ɺMh iiYEɤnx, vxx EɮEh ii|ɪHEɪh S* +i B '+x֦ڪi' <in EEii Eh Eɮ ʺr&' <i iz, Gɪ& vix

vi, vɺ S vxERIiɪ iiɨxvkɮ xζSiG vx vxEɪ|ɴikɮ GɪMxʨk{ɺMǺYE ɨxvSii*

+i B "] Ei{ڴ&" <i j "{ڴ vi֯{ɺMh" <iCi 'xii ɮ, "{ڴ vi& vxx

Vi, {ɶSn{ɺMh" <iCiHCi% HiɨH, 'vx ʽ G xɴiǪi' <inx ɹ* ={ɺMtilxiɦǴh vixlʦvxnH Eh Eɮn ʺr&* {ɶSSUiޤvɪ tiE{ɺM ɨxv&*

B\SxiɮRMiɮli{ɺMxʨk& ] ɨ -- Eiiɴɺlɪ uini& {ڴ |ɴii, ii uin*

+i B "|hn{ɪi" <in hiɨ 'nMɨ&' <i xɪx ɨʽi ɹ* +i B '|ii |iɪ&' <in ʺr&*

n{ɺMxʨkE EɪǨֺMlʸi ʴʶɹ]{ɺMxʨkii inxiɮRMɨ* k x il, ij {ڴMiɺvxxʨkExiɮRMɨ* +i B "x vi" <i j "|r&" <ij "Mh ʽRM&" <i ɹ =H*

E\S "{ڴǨ{ɺMǪM vi{ɺMǪ& ɨɺ BEɪt{k&' <i "={{niR" <i j ɹ {ɹ]* ɴl|iɪɺ{ {ڴǨi{k&* +i B "hvɪx" <i xn& RMSUi* <n S ɨx{I Y{E, ɴiR%{ {ڴǨi{k&* +xl ij ɨɺ{k&* iR i '+iR' <i xɹvz ij n&,

n ɴiR{ɺMǪM%iiɱɨ*

k "ʴɶ{Ii ɨx{IɨxiɮRMɨ" ʴɶ{I ʴɶvɨǺvE xʨkii* l "nn& ɴviE" <ij nni ɴviEi S* ij ɴviEYxɪ |EiviiYx |iɪɺ

|iɪiYx SɴɶEʨi ɺbxiɮRM&* Bix i "+xnkRi&" <i j E]xH

 

"ɨj{Iɪ%xiɮRMκiɤn Eɮʴɶ{IinʽRM& n&"<i, ii{ɮɺiɨ ; ʴɶ{Ii%{ iɺ ɨxvɨxʨkEiɦɴx iiɺ n{{nii, {ɮxʨkEix nx ʽRMiSSi, iz ; ʴɶɺ {ix {Ex֨xx{κliɴ{ iɺ xʨki xɦɴxvEvɨxʨkEix{{nxi, ɹ Bʴv +xiɮRM ʽRMɦɴɺ, C{xֱJSS*

k i{j ɹ "{\S Mɴ ɺ xi, '{\SM&' <ij i|{iɨɶRC '|iEɺɨli, ɨnɪn|i{nEii, ɨɺi, ɨɺxHii' <i ʺrxixH 'xiiɮ, =H%{ ʽ |iɪl =i{ti uMiri l '{\Sx{i&' <i {ڴ{IHǹ* "uMMx{i" <i Mvxi iriluMiri ɴi, {\SMֶɤnS uMʮi inɶɪ E]&* ii& 'ui֮&' '{\Sx{i&' '{\Sɺ E{ɱ ƺEi&' <in ɴEɶuMǽʽh |Ei {ɮii v <iɶɪx "x uM&, Ei̽? ɽʽ&" <i ʺrxixH iɨɴEɶɨVxx%{ɴnin uM& |{xi {ڴ{I* +x{nl ֤xiɨjɺ ʴvҪɨx ɽҽ& RJɪɺiril ʴvҪɨx uM̴ɶʴʽiin vE& |{xii E]&*

ii& ʺrxiEnɽ :- "+xiɮRMin ɽʽ&* ExiɮRM? +x{nl ɽʽ&, ʴʶɹ]%x{nl uM&, iϺɶSɺ iri%κiOɽh Gi" <i* +vEɺil{Iɨilxʨk uM֤ʽRM <i E] <i*

x ʺrxiH&, Biɴi{{ɴniɽx&* +Sɨx{Iɪh ʴʶɹ]ɴhV{Invh v

nxi*

E\SHi {ɮix vʺr&* E\SjvE{Iix ʽRMiɨ, x Eɱʴɶ{Iixi xinɹɰf ʴɶ{Iɺ ʽRMiɨ*

+i B ֤xiɺɨx{I ɽʽ&, iu{I uMʮi xH ɹ*

x SlEiɤʽRMiɺxɸɪhnnɪH, BEnHixni*

+i BκiOɽh x{tlǨ, Exiκiɶɤnxi֤lʨi inʦɨi ʽRMiɨ{ uMxǺii |i{t ʺrxix "il uM& |iɹv H&" <i SxxiirʨiH*

+i B "in& & ɴxxiɪ&" <i j%xxiɪʮi SʮilǨ* +xl |iɪ ɨx{Iix%xiɮRMinxiɺi%xxiɺ i ʺr iul {ɹ]* "{n& {i" <i j

ɹE]{inxiɮRMiɦɴ B Si <i vɪ ʴɦɴɪxi*

xx '+ֻɴi' <ijɱP{vMhnR%{xʨkiɦɴnR x ni Si,x ;

ijxi&Eɪiɰ{xiɮRMiɺii* +xi&Eɪi S {ڴ{κlixʨkEiɨ, +RMɶɤn xʨk{ɮii*

<nxiɮRMi Exɪʺrʨi "xֹ% |iɯilɪ ɮҮEɪh Ei, ii& ־n, ii& ɨxvxɨ"* +lxɨ{ ViɴHʱRMɺJEɮEh vG& ɶjEiEα{i&* iiGh S invEɤv|nǴ& Eα{i <i iiGh iiEɪhi '{]' <inɴxiɮRMii {ڴ {ڴǪhn&, {ɮhnɺ ʽRMiɪ%ʺrinixx "+S& {ɮκx" <i j ɹ {ɹ]*

in{ M{i|{i {ڴ|ɴkxɪɨE* l '{]' <ij {n ʴɦVxJx,

x i Viɺ ʽRMɺ io%xiɮRM%ʺrixɪɨE, "|MH Exɪx il ɦi" <i

"ɽ >`" j E] {ɹ]*

+i B ɪʮin ʱɱ{ h& lxɴix ʮi&, "+S& {ɮκx" <ij ɹEi* GhxJx iHnɽh {ڴ|ɴkEiɨxiɮRMi ʽRMɺʺriɨ{ xʨkɦɴn|{iɰ{ vɨ*

k B i {ڴǺlxE{xiɮRMʨi, iSSxiɨ, 'Vɹ`&' <in ʴxiE

]{ɺ{ɴnʴxiC|ɴi Vi{Iɸɪhx ɮh|ɪɺɺ "|EiES" <i j |ɪVxJhbxɴɺɮ

ɹEiEiɺ x蹡{k&* inH i ʴxiE ʽRMʺrixxɪɺiɺiuɮhi, ɹ

 

<oɮi ʽRMʺriɺ C{xɸɪhSS, {ʮɹɪɨRMɶɤn xʨk{ɮiSS*

< Skɮ{nvEɮlɤʽRMɺ xʺriɤvEi "<S BES%" <i j ɹ

{ڴ{IHʮi xniǴ* "{ɮxi{&" <inɴxֺɮ xʺri ֨κj{t in|ɴk&*

xɴ i%{ lq{Iɸɪhxxlʺrnɽhnxx iɺ inHiɨɴɶEʨiɽ&* +ɦҪ%xiɮRM +ɦҪɺ ʽRMɺ ɨxɸɪɺ xxxʺriɨ, +xiɮRMɺʺriniʺri j ɹ {ɹ]*

Bɨ ʺS r& "x x|{i" xɪxxiɮRMɤvEiɨڱE "x ʺSxiɮRMɨκi"

<i "<EMh" <i j ɹ {ɹ]**

xxɨ '+It&' <in ʽRMɺ`%ʺrinxiɮRM h x i, +i +ɽ :-

 xVxxiɪ ʽ]|C{i& ** 51 **

  +j "iiE&" <i jɺl iMOɽh Y{E* +xl '+vi '|i' <in ɨɺkɮ {|ɴi {ڴ ɨɺ Vi ij ʽiɪ xiin ɤi{k{ɪxiɨ{ɺʽiɪ%ɺlxɺɨɴx BEn { iM{Iɪ {nuɺɨxvɴhu{IEnɺ ʽRMiɪʺrix iul {ɹ]*

"{nuɺɨxvɴhu{I ʽRMɨ" <i '|r&' <in Mh ʽRM <i Oxlx "x vi {" <i j "ƪMxiɺ {&" <i j S ɹ {ɹ]*

k iOɽhɨ{ Y{E, +xl "E%ʺSi" <in {nuɺɨxvɴhu{Iix

ʽRMɺEnɺʺrix i |ɴk E ixi* iz, <h& {ڴ{nɨxvix iɺ{ {nu ɨxvɴhu{Iixɪ& ɨii*

BEnɺ{ɮnix '+ʺSi' <iɺ {nix {nniɦɴz "i{nt&" <ixx xɹv&* j{nE%xiɮRM EɪEɱ{I{ ʽRM{ʮɹɪ +|ɴk& {ڴǨ{{niiSS*

{ʮɹlǺi -- +S%xxxiɪxʨkE%xiɮRM EiǴ Viɺ ʽRMɺ ʽ] |C{i&* ʽ{nx ʽRMɨ, iɺ ɴ ʽRMiɨ* ii|ɪHʺriɺ x |C{i&, x |{iʮi*

'+ʺr ʽRMɨ' <iCi 'xVxxiɪ <i Iʨ' <i ɹCi ijiɺ +xiɮRM <iɺxִkɺSxi* ix '{Sɴn' <in x n&* +xiɮRMɺSlxE EɪǺiɺ +xxxiɪ xʨkEiɦɴi*

'Viɺ ʽRMɺ' <iCi '+Vɪ <xp' 'vɪi' <in ʽRMnP Mhnʺri ʺr*

+i B "<hRxɨn Mh&, ɴhnPiSUSRxiɺxiɮRMɱIhii" <in RMSUi* +i B "+RS" <iROɽh SʮilǨ* ir 'ʶɴ+++<' <i κli {ɮ{ ɴhnP vi vi{ɺMEɪixxiɮRMin Mh rvxlǨ*

xx "+It&" <ij h Ei >`%ʺrin ʱɱ{{kʮi Sɨ, +S%xxxiɪxʨkE%xiɮRM EiǴ Ei S iκxnxiɮRM |{xi, ij S EiǴ xʺriʨi inli* +ʺr{ʮɹɪ +xiix iuɮh iɺ l ix ʺr&*

+i B " x {& {" <i j Ei iMOɽh SʮilǨ* +xl 'jɽɨ' <in ʽiɦΨxʨkE{niɸɪix ʽRMiɪ xɱ{ɺʺrix ʺriul {ɹ]* ɨ i

CVxxiɪǺiz n&*

x S i "ɺ{i" <i jɺ ɹʴɮv&* ij ʽ 'Oɨh {j&' <ij

"<E俺%R&" <i Ei iEɶRC ɺɤʽRMʺrix ɨʽiɨ* "xVxxiɪ" <iɺ

 

i ij in|{iRMi& {ɹ]i Sɨ ; ix ɹhɺ +xɴEɶiɤvxi* BiVY{Ex +xiɮRM{ʮɹɪ +xiiɤvxɺ xɪii*

+i B "+S& {ɮκx" <i j ɹ '{] < +' <ij {ɮhnɺ +xɪ%ʺrii {ڴǪhn& vi&* +iB ɹ {x& C{ xαJi* +i B +xiɮRM{ʮɹɨ{G ʴ|iɹvɺj% ɽx |ɪVxx xi, inlǨ {ʮɹEiǴ, |iʴv

S n' <iH, "ɨ|ɺɮhSS" <i j ɹ* |iʴvx S {ʮɹʴɹɪ%xiiɸɪhɨi

vxiʨiɱɨ**

xxɨ 'Mi|ɪ&' <in {nuxʨkEɨʸiix ʽRM E vi%xiɮRMirRn{ x֨n& &, +i +ɽ :-

 +xiɮRMx{ ʴvx ʽRM M vi ** 52 **

+j S "|iɪkɮ{nS" <i j Y{E* 'iiEiɨ' <in M{Iɪ +xiɮRMin ʴɦHxʨkEx "iɨɴESx" <ixx ʺr <n l kVY{E*

xx 'iɴ {j&, ii{j&' <in iɴɨɨnvɨl inɴɶEʨi Si, B iji

{ɪxiOɽhxִkɺiVY{Ei ɹEi&* ֹnn +SɮC{ i x, ɨ{h jɺ Y{Ei{ɮɹ|ɨhɪi, "xt{&" <i xbvɪEjɺl|ɨhx xi䦪& +SɮC{ɦɴSS*

BɨElEɦ |i{nEɦ |i{nEhS%{xʦvx vɨ* Bix ij%%nl |iɪOɽh Sʮilʨi{ɺiɨ*

xx {ɪxixִkɮ{ ɴniɴɮhɪ Sʮjl* 'x SiMǺɨxn +{ɴn&'

<i xɪxʺrijɺlɦɹɺɨix {ɪxiɺn ʺr inxִkɴili Sɨ, iɺ xɨEVn ʦiɮni Si, x; xʨ ʨix, ɽS {֮inOɽhx, +ES |E ]Oɽhx iɺ v%{jiMǺ

iM xɦɴi*

+i B "iκzh S" <ixx ֹEtnʴvx SʮilǨ, +xl%%ERnɨ

ʴnti* +ER iɴEtnɪin{ɴnHxɪx%xini{k&, +iɺiuvxɨ, <nS iVY{E*

t{ ʴɮv vEiʨi iEi% xɪ&, ɹEɮi ʴx{ ʴɮv i{ ɨɴ vEiʨSUi, <ixʦʽiɺjɺlE]i xɪ xɪɨ&, il{ ֹEt%%nʴvxY{i =iM& Gi Bi |Ei x n&* Bin ɹɨ{ iiEɮ xɨ*

B\S {ɪxixִk& 'iiEiɨ' <in {ɪxiɺ%%nʴvxl* ij S +xiɮRMii iɨʴi ʺr l iVY{E* Y{i iκziuɪ iɴnxɨ|{i in{ɴniɦɴx {ɪxiɺɴ%%nl Sʮili inɶɪ&*

k nkx%xiɮRM|ɴk |iɪ =kɮ{n S {ɪxiɺɨɴx inxִkɴl i Y{EiH, ii, x; +xiɮRMhɨ{{ɴnvix iuɪ in|ɴk&*

ɺii <n Y{E iEi, ɹɮi i SxE Bɪɨl <iɽ&*

"{ vi" <i Mɹɪi ESi* "BR󿺴iɨr&" "x ɺɪ&" <i jɺlE|ɨhx Mj ʴɹɪ* +t ' j{' <inɴxx xɪx { vi M ɴii ɹ

=H* +xi%xiɮRMƶS ʴvx ɴ%{ Mvi, x i ֤M* +i B "xһƺ&" <in xɱ{ x ɴi* '{\Sʦ& J]ʦ& Gi&, {\SJ]&' <inɴEni |M ]{ E* +xl

EiEnɺ CEɮɴh x ni E] =H*

 

Biuvn i "ipVɺ" <i j E]xH ' +RMxiGxi%iRM&' <ij

{E ɽSx {ɮiɦɴi "ipVɺ" <i M x ni RE{ɮɹɴJɴɺɮ +xiɮRMx{i xɪxɪ E ֤E vE& niɶRC ֤E Bxx ɱɴi vi <i ii|fi p]ɨ* M{Iɪ E ɱɴiɺ HɶCini in RE ɨvx H H*

+xx xɪx%xiɮRMxʨkʴxɶEEii|ɪVEɨɺnx S |ɤɱ vi <ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xxɨ xp%xiɮRMinnMh {ڴ{ni{ɮxpɤnɦɴx "xxp{{ɮ" <i rxɹv l&* +xinnɴɺiڦɪi +ɸɪh xʹr&*

E\S r{j x |{xi, +xiniɪɦɴ%{ {ڴxiɴixEnʴʶɹ] {ڴ{nixxpɤn 'BEnʴEi' xɪx '=ɪi +ɸɪh xxini' <iɺɦɴx inɸɪhx kɮ{ni%{ iɺxSEinEEnx {ɮ xix "ɺi" {x{ɽɮi*

x S {ɮnnɴxEnʴʶɹ]kɮ{niɨκii iiɨɴ <i Sɨ; =kɮ{ntSlxEin rinɴx|{iip{xini*

+xl 'J]ʦ&' <inɴ{ {ڴxiɴixnxii ʦɺ B{kʮi ɹ {ɹ]*

+i B '{ڴEɨɶɨ&' <inɴxiɮRMin Mh rxǺniɶREiɨ* inEnɨjɺ ʴEɮɦɴSS* inH ɹ '<xpuS, BE& "ɺi" {x{ɾi%{ɮ BEnx, ii%xSE <xp ɤn&

ɨ{zɺij E& |ɺRM rʮi*

ɯnnʦʮxp uxu <xp {ڴ x{i&, +i +ɽ :-

{ڴkɮ{nxʨkEɪi {ڴǨxiɮRM%{En x ** 53 **

+j S "xxp" <i xɹv B Y{E <i "+xinSS" "ʴ|iɹv {ɮ" <i

jɪǹ {ɹ]**

xxɨ{ '|vɪ, |ɺlɪ' <inɴxiɮRMiuin Ei { ni +ɽ :-

 +xiɮRMx{ ʴvx ʽRM ɤvi ** 54 **

"+n VMv&" <i j i Eii ʺr ɤOɽhɨɺ Y{Eʨi "+n VMv&" <ij ɹ {ɹ]**

  xxɨ{ "" <in ui Ei%xiɮRMii ɴhnPi inʺri +ɽ :-

  hnRM ɱҪ ɴi ** 55 **

  ixxiɮRMɨ{ ɴihnP vi rʮi iir&* "+ɺɺɺɴh" <iҪR

ʴvɪE jɺlɨɺɴhOɽhɨɺ Y{E* ir '<ǹi&' <inʴɪRnɴilǨ* Bii{ʮɹɦɴ i '<ǹi&' <inɴxiɮRMh ɴhnPh vknlǨ* <RR ɺɺɨxvxʨkEin ʽRM*

x SRn{ɴn&, 'xx|{i' xɪx '<i' <inEɱI |{i h{ɴniɺ xhǪni |\S&*

{ɮ i - Bii{ʮɹɦɴ "+ɺɺ" <i jɨ lǨ*

x S '<ɪ' '<' <in SʮilǨ, iɪ{ {ڴ|ɴkMhɺ {ڴ|ɴkɴrS

"uSxS" <i {inx{ɽɮ ui Ei {x& |{i Mhɴr vi%xiɮRMii ɴhnv{k&* x S '<i' <in iSSʮilǨ, iɴxj|ɪVEi '=&' <i ڪi* ʮixִii, "<h h" <i

ɽSɪn JxSS @vi Oɽhɨ* +i& <hǺRil&* "+ɺɺi" <i

 

"+ɺɺi&" <i M֯iz H*

x S "B,B,+,+" ɤn +SɮCɤxi䦪 ʱ]ҪRtl iijxɴɶE, il "=hEʪɹi" <itlǨɴɶEʨi Sɨ, ɹ`|lɨxExiɺl ɹ |ɨhx iɨxʦvxi*

+xi uiҪuSxɺ ix inH |ɪMɺ nǦii* B\S ɨ{h jɺ Y{Ei H*

t{ ɹ 'nɨɦɺɺɺɴh <iɺɴhOɽh Ei' <i OxlxɺɴhOɽhɺ

Y{Ei ɦi, il{ 'x xiɮh Mhɴr +ɴh{ɮɦɺ ɴi' <i in{{nx Oxlx ɨ{h jɺ Y{Ei ɦi*

+O%{ 'xinκi Y{E, +ilǨii i' <ixx j lCɨ n̶iɨ* +ɴhOɽhɺ Y{Ei i inɴi|nxx ii lCɨ n̶i i*

x S '+Eiɴڽ' {ʮɹɪ '<' <in ɴhnv|{i&, n nvxɺi, i̽

Mh& ni ɨɴxɪ& ix {ʮɹ|ɴk& {{nini El ɨ{h jɺ Y{Eii Sɨ, iɺ +ii* i inɹ|ɨhx jxiɮRMEɪ|ɴkɪMEɱkɮ izʨkʴxɶE ʽRMʴv& |{i&, ij ii{ʮɹ|ɴkɺEɮSS*

x SxiɮRMin nv{ '<ɪ' <in {ڴxiɴixɦɺinhiSS hɱɺɴh <Rvxx j SʮilǨ*

x S "+S x" <ixx ʺr&, rvxlini Sɨ* |iɺi%ɴh {nx +ɺkɮJhbɨxvɺɴhS B Oɽhi, ɺjɤvE{x{Iɪ {ʮɹY{EiɺSiSSiɽ&*

S v̨OɽExnRMɴhǪ& ɨxE̪i B*

k ɨxxʨkEiɰ{ɺɨxɸɪi Bi, ii, x ; Y{i%{ "" "<" <itʺr&, jɴlǺ inɺliSS*

"x&" <ij i Iɨhɮi% +xiin|ɴk MhnxiɮRMin hn&*

x Sɨ{ '<ɪ' <inʴɪR nǦ&, ij EiǴ nvn& lxɴix '+ɴh' <i |iɹvni Sɨ, jɮɺɨln ilxɴi|ɴk&* iSS ɨx{Iɨ* +ɺEɪ inkɮJhbnɺ iiEɪ|iɤxvEҦi lxɴi xi*

+i B '+ɮi' <in hnɺ lxɴinɺɺ "f{" <i nv nǦ <i{ɺiɨ* nPʴv izɹvSS*

"+ʮʪɪi" <ij lxɴixR ɴi, iɺ lxɴiɺɦɺEɪ |iɤxvEiɦɴi*

'<\SRMɺɨxvxRM B' <i "ʮi " <i j ɹ* ij ʽ 'Eɪ' <in hkɮbH&*

<\Sxi 'U&' <i iMxni* +xl%xiɮRMii {ڴ iE& n iE%|{i iul {ɹ]ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xxɨ 'n&' <in CɺxiɮRMin], ii& ɨ|ɺɮh%{]& ɴh{kʮi Si, +j ESi--

   +Eiɴڽ& {hxҪ& ** 56 **

x Ei ʴʶɹ] >& -- xɶSɪ&, ɺj|ɴkʴɹɪ ʮil&* ʴ xʨkʴxɶ <itɽɮ&* ʽRMhxiɮRMɺ xʨkʴxɶ {ɶSi ɨʴi%xiɮRM xi ɴi*

+j S - Y{E, "ɨlx |lɨi" <i j ɨlxʨi* ir ilin&

 

EinP榪& |iɪi{ilǨ* +xl%xiɮRMin nv Ei B |iɪ|{i inli {ɹ] B*

x SjEn|ɴk ɨɪ nv|{iEn Ei +n r& |{iɴ{ izʨkʴxɶɦɴ <i Sɨ, iqɮ izʨkʴxɶɺixIi&*

x S ili ʽRMiɪ rʺriz izʨkʴxɶ <i Sɨ, ɨlOɽhxin

ʴɹɪ iɺ +|ɴk{ Y{xi*

k ɨlOɽhxxiɮRM{ʮɹɪ +xiiɨ Y{i <i* iz, +ʺr {ʮɹɪ ɨEɱ|{i ʽRMɺ {ڴ ViɤʽRMɺ SxiɮRM EiǴ%ʺri vi, x i Vi%xiɮRM iɺ ii vi, xɦɴi, ɦɴSS*

B\S iliɴEnɺ {ʮɹɺviɦɴx inxiiY{xɺɨɴi* "+xiɮRMx{ ʴvx" <in{ɺɨxiɦǴ&*

Bii |ɴk S xʨkʴxɶɺɨɴx{ xʨkɨ* +i B 'Mqhb' <in Rn { x*

+xl Rn { Eɱ ɨʺE E%|{i inkɮ S{ɽɪǦɴn|{i {ɺ{k&* +κi Sj{ 'n { x i, i̽ E i' <i ɨɴx*

"+{x&" <i jɺl i{ɮEh i {ʮ%xiiY{xxSʮilǨ* ir '+x' <in {ɴɮhɪ* +xl nҮPɦɴ {ɺɨɴxɪii{ʮɹɤɱi nP|{i iul {ɹ]iɽ&*

"ɨlxɨ" <i j E]i ɨlǴSxx {ʮɹ Y{i "+Eiɴڽ& {hxҪ&" <i* ix '{{ֹ&' <iɪnɴxiɮRMi{ڴ Ei%{bMɨ xɴii <i nx 'x Ei ڽ& ʴʶɹ]iE xʨkEɮhʴxɶ%{ Eɪκliɰ{ &' <ilǨʦ|i* 'xʨk{ɪ xʨkE{{ɪ&' <i ɴi* ilin\ r nPxɴk ɴkliɨǦni ɨlxʨi*

Exɪ ʺrSɪɨl&* il ʽ E xʨk uʴv o]--Eɪκli xɪɨE inxɪɨE S*

+t l xɪxɪ%{I r&, izɶ uixɶɦ{Mɨi* nxi xɪ |ɮvɺ ʴI{κli xɪɨEi S |ʺr*

uiҪ l nhbn, izɶ%{ P]xɶnxi* ɺj Ix֮vn ɴɺl*

ʴxʨkʴxɶ {ڴǨxi{k i x EζSzɪ&x{ ɨ|i{z o]xi&* ɨlxʨiɺ{ EʺrlY{xx SilǺɨɴ Eʺr{ڴiolY{Ei xɦɴ <i inɶɪ <i vɨ*

{ɮ i 'n&' <in {nɴvE%xJx 'n ɺ +' <i κli <] ɨ|ɺɮhɪ& |{i |i{nʴvii {ڴ ɨ|ɺɮh ɱniɦn]& |{iɮ xi iirʮi {ɹ] "ɨlxɨ" <i j E], "+ʺri" j E] S {ɹ]ii*

t{ |i{nʴviɨxɴEɶi i vEi Vɨ, il{ {ڴ|ɴk ɴEɶi%{ xɪɨE ɴii inɶɪ&* xɰ{i Sin ɽ& ɤnxnJɮn*

"ɨlxɨ" <i jɺlɺɨlOɽh i 'ʴɹh&' <inɴEiɺxv& |iɪnxx ɴj il ɨɴɮhɪ xɪʺrlxִn B*

vxi Sn "ʴ|iɹv" j ɹ* ij ʽ 'Iɨh&' <ixiɮRM

{ʮɹnɽhɨH*

E\S ʴɦVxJx ' =ili + <' <i κli 'hnRM ɱҪ&' <i |{i r

ɮhɪ ɨlOɽhʨij E] {ɹ]*

 

+i B "+ʺri" j 'ɺֺɨ|ɺɮhɨVv ʺr Hɨ' '{{ֹ&' <in ɺ&

ɨ|ɺɮh Ei +i { l i' <i ɹ =H* {n ʴɦVxJx {ڴHE]i {ڴ ɨ|ɺɮh <]|{iɴκxʨkE B%%i { <i inRMi&*

+i B 'S|iRMɺi|iɹv&' <i Sx iEEi%%vɨ, ɹEi S x |iJiɨ* |iRM=+xiɮRMɨ* + {ʮɹɪ i i iul {ɹ]*

+i B "U&" <i j '+ɶɨj iMɦɴl ix& Eɪ&' +xiɮRMir iE |{xi' <i ɹ =H* Biii i iE%|{i ixɴɶEiElxɨɺRMiʨi {ɹ]*

x SinxiiY{xlǨ ini inɶɪ&, +ɶɨjiIɮɮɦRM{k&*

E\Sxɪ "|iɪkɮ{nS" "+n VMvɱ{i Ei" <iɪxɪSʮilx iVY{EɶɱM{xiɮRMɤvEi ɹH Vi*

E\S ɹ x oi* inH "+ʺri" j E]x 'xʨk{ɪ xʨkE{{ɪ&' <i {ʮɹɪ& 'ɹEi%xɸɪhi' <i* {nƺEɮ {I 'ʮ&' <in ʴɺM Ei

ii MSUiin ɨxv 'ʮ& MSUi' <it v* iuɪ {nƺEɮ{Ixɸɪh i nE**

"+xiɮRMn{{ɴn ɱҪx"* --- ij +{ɴn {nlǨɽ ---

x x|{i ʴvɮɮi iɺ vE ɴi ** 57 **

|{i <i ɴ H&, x x|{i <iɺ iEiEɴɶ|{iʴil&* x\ uɺ |EilnfǤvEii*

B\S ʴɶɶɺjqʴɶvɨǴSUzɴkɺɨxvɨǴSUzqEɺjɺ ʴɶɶɺjh

v&*

in|{iɪM%Sʮil iɺ vEi Vɨ* +i B "+ɪn&" <i j 'M{ʪɹi' <inɴɪnx vi {ɮii n& |{xִxiiɶRC "+xɴEɶ& +ɪn&" 'M{ɪi' <inɴ{ { n& |{xi*

x S i {ɺi x ʴɶ&* +xnnxʨnSi--xκi ʴɶ <i* nH "+ɪnx nʦɮ{i%Eɶ <i xɺiɴEɶ" <i ɹ =H*

Bɨj ii|ɴikɮ Sʮil%{ in{i%C xɺii ɨɨ*

E\S ii|ɴikɮ{ Sʮil invɤvxɨ* +xl%xɴEɶix v ʺr BiiElxɴl{k&, "iGEhbx" xɪ|nxɺ{ l{kS* il |lɨuSxɺ inkɮ ɴEɶx{

uiҪuSxx v&* l %%n{ |ɴi Sʮilx '+n& {ɮ' <ixx '+%xiɺ' <iɺ v&*

inH "ʨnS%xii" <i j ɹ "i{ ɨɴ vx ɴi" <i* +xl "ɨh䦪 nv nҪiɨ, iG Ehbxɪ" <ij iGnxx nvnxɺ v x i* iqxkɮ ii{ڴ iqxɺ SʮilǺɨɴi* +i B ʴɹɪɦn%{{ɴniɨ*

+i BSɮnx x]%{{ɴnii vɨɶRC 'x iɺ' <i Y{Ex ɨʽiɨ "iVi" j ɹ* ix ʴɹɪɦn%{ɴniɦɴ B vi <i EζSi, iz ; ʴxiE ]{ɨjɺ vx{k&* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Ei{ɪɺƺEh t{ "+xiɮRMn{{ɴn ɱҪx" <i{ {ʮɹɰ{hRMEiɨ, Exi '{ɮxixiɮRM{ɴnxɨkɮkɮ ɱҪ&' <ixx Milii, xMɱJxɺɮi, {ʮɹ{` {`iii,

SxpEEɮh viii, ʺrxi Ext ]]V nIix{ Eiii, xx|{i ʴvɮɮi

iɺ vE ɴi <ij {ʮɹɰ{h {`i**

 

k 'ninM' <i j uikɮ nMnɺ Sʮil E]xH, ii |f*

vxi\S ix{ iɺ ili inkɮOxlx*

"+ɨɴ B vEiɨ, ʴɮvɺ inVii" <i iEi i ɹEi nʹiiz Iʺnv{ɪM*

"iGEhbx" xɪ{ in|{iɪM%Sʮilʴɹɪ ʴvʴɹɪ B Si "iri乴Sɨn&" "viES&" <in j ɹ {ɹ]*

CSk ɴl%xɴEɶin vEiɨ* l Rɨ bnvEiɨ* x ʽ bn Ei Rɨ |{xi, xnɨxɺ ɴvxi* ij ɺ {ڴ |ɴkʮi i v&* ij vE |ɴk tiM|{iɦǴi in ɴi* l ij bMɨ&* +|{i i x, l '{S&' <in nPǴvE xɮEɶ <n nPǦɴ&**

inii {`i --

 CSn{ɴnʴɹɪ%{iM%ʦxʴɶi <i ** 58 **

  +{ɴnɤn%j vE{ɮ&* inH "Mh RE&" <ij ɹ* +ɺʴEɮ{ɴn =iMz vxi* '+VMhi'* +j Mhiɨ{ɴnirn& vi* xMhiɨ{ɴnirn& vi* E iɽ? +xɴEɶini Oxlx Mhɰ{ɦɺxihɺiʨil n& izɴk inxɴEɶɨ, <i i Ei iɺ |{i&, +xi %ɴi* +ɺʴEɮ vɤvEɴɦɴx S viɨ* iϺɶS i { Ei ɨlSU]xiɺiʨi x n&*

x S 'x x|{i' xɪx{ɴniɨ{ɺ ִSɨ, iɺ Sʮilʴɹɪiɪ =Hii*

"<E Zɱ" <ij ɹ{ vxiɨii* ij ʽ '+VZx' <i nvh Mhkɮ ɦɴxxɴEɶin Mh vi nPkɮ Mh& i, nPʴvx i ʨxinv Ei "x Ҩ" <ij Oɽhx Oɽh%lǴkj {ɶSi |{iMhɤvxlǨ, "<E Zɱ" <i EiʨiH* +xl%{ɴnix v iuɪ =iM|ɴkǹɺ jɺ SɺRMiʮi {ɹ]*

k E\Sxinɴ{ɴnɪbɹɪ%h ɴi, 'CSn{ɴnʴɹɪ%{' <i xɪni iz ; "+h& EhS" <i jɺlɦɹʴɮvi* ij ʽ '+h& {xɴSxɨ{ɴnʴɹɪ%xɴilǨ' 'Mnɪ Vi' <itH*

'E\Sx' <in E\Sxxx̨iil ʹE%h v&*

+jn vɨ -- 'xx|{i' <ij xiɺ n iɮhil&, in ʴɹɪ iɮtti |{xi in vɨ, ʴvxiɮ|{iʴɹɪɦɴi*

<ɨ vɺɨxSxii ɴʿi* +xɴEɶix v%{ H C tnɽhɨκi, ʴxMɨxʴɮi*

n i xiɺ Ihxil&, Eɪhil in vʴɶSxi* +xɴEɶix v%{invx lCɨ, =i invxi ʴɶSxi ɨɴi, tnɽhɨκi**

ij Eɪhil {ɮ{iɴSUz Ei +ɮɨhɪ rinvEi x xhi E ɺjʴʽiɺi iuSxiɪɨɽ --

 {֮in{ɴn& +xxiɮx ʴvx vxi, xkɮx ** 59 **

+ɶ {ɮκx vxҪ |lɨ{κlixxiɮvx Sʮil {ɶSn{κliɺ ii& {ɮ v xɦɴ +ERIɪ xɴk̴|iɹvɶɺjɤv xɦɴSSiiɺ Vɨ**

"xʺEn`VRPnxi" <i`tƶ RιxɹviɴSUzɽvEi xhi E

xʽiɺiERIɪɨɽ :--

 

 t%{ɴn& {ڴx ʴvx vxi, xkɮx ** 60 **

ix`n {\Sɺ "+ƪM{vi" <i |iɹv B vi, x i ɽx\txɱIh <i

"xʺEn" <ij ɹ {ɹ]* {ڴ{κli vx xERIɨɺ Vɨ**

xx " Uxnʺ" <ixx "{SS" <ixxiɮ{iɺ { ʴE{& i* il "x]" <i xɹv%xxiɮxiɱIhɪ < ʺSɴrVɴr{ i, +i =HxɪɨڱEɽ :-

 +xxiɮ ʴvɴ ɴi |iɹv i ** 61 **

+i B "Jɴɪn&" <i RҤOɽh SʮilǨ* invxxiɺRҹʴvɦɴɪ* "x HS" <i j nPOɽh\S -- SʮilǨ* invxxiɮxnk{niɺ xɹvɦɴɪ*

v%{ɴnxɪ{Iɪ%xxiɮi xɪ& |ɤɱ <i "+]ɦ&" <i j E]&*

|iɺkɨڱE%ɨ* Ix֮vk ɴɺli{ {Ixiɮ* ij ij CSi ʮii|iYxi, ɨlx vi% xɪ&* l "]bf" <i jh b{ɴɴʽiɺ{ R{ ʴv&* "x ]" <inx u{ ]ɤR{& |iɹv&* <\S "ʶ ɴxɨɺlxɨ" <in ɹ {ɹ]ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx nviinɴxiɮRMinxin%αv, lxɴiɦɴnn x ni iul{k&, +i +ɽ :-

 {ڴ {ɴn +ʦxʴɶxi {ɶSniM& ** 62 **

IhESIֹE {ɴnʴɹɪ {ɪDZS iuɪiɦɴxɹSɪ =iMh ikɱI ƺEi* +xl ʴE{{kʮil&*

+ʦxʴɶxi <iɺ nvɰf ɴxiil&* '+{ɴn txj Sʮil&' <i xɪɺ i xj |{i&, +xin|{iʴɹɪ SʮilǦɴi**

IESIֹEi iSUɺj {ɪDZSx ʴx{{ɴnʴɹɪ {ʮiViMh I ƺEi,

iɺ{ ɺj|Gɺɮh{ڴE|ɪM B vɨi{k&, inɽ :-

 |E{ S{ɴnʴɹɪ ii =iM%ʦxʴɶxi ** 63 **

ii <iɺ{ɴnɺj{ɪDZSxi |M{il&* |E{iɺ {ʮiVil&* +i B |i{nEl j ɹ "<n u{Ci x EnSkɴniM ɴi, +{ɴn iɴi|iIi" <ilEH**

BixڱE xɴx& {`xi :-

 ={ɺ\Vxɹɨhxʨk{{ɴn ={ɺ\Vixʨkɨ{iM   vi <i ** 64 **

  kɦɺiɺYɺj E]x |E{ Si |iE{nɪ l 'x ɨ|ɺɮh <i {ɮ h& {ڴ ɨ|ɺɮhɨ, {ڴǺ i izʨkE& |iɹv&' <iH, ik ii =iM <itIɮlxxMhɨ* k{ɴnCl ʴx xiMǴCl <i, iz, '+ʦxʴɶi%{ɴnʴɹɪɨ' <in{nɮɦRM{k&*

{nVx{nl{ɺli ClǤvɦɴ EɮhɦɴSS*

j i{ɴn xʹr&, ij{ɴnʴɹɪ%{iM& |ɴii B* l 'I' <ij "xnS" <i {ڴǺɴhnPxɹvn|ɴiǨxɺ rvEiɦɴi r& |ɴii* +i B "i i' <in RMSUi* +i B xnn ɹ]ɴɺɮxɪɺj ɺjhxɸɪhɨ* vxi Sn "<EMh" <i j ɹ <i ɹ|n{ti xɰ{iɨ*

+j 'nnkɺ xiʮ i nnkɺxVVx x' <i xɪɺ ʴɹɪ B xκi* i

nnk =xVVx x nnkɽxxtiɺ, xx i ɴixVVxɨ* |Ei%{ x {ڴǺɴhnPh rxxɨ,

 

Exi xxtɺViҪ |ɺH jɨ, |ɺH xɹvi*

|i{nHiɨ{ xɮEɶi i v|ɪVE* {ɹ]\Sn "" <i j ɹ* ij ʽ 'OɽhɨxlE, |i{n ʴvҪxi i vE ʴɹxi' <iɶRC, '+xɴEɶ ʽ ʴvɪ vE ɴxi ɨɺxiɶS Eɦɴ ɴEɶ&' <iH*

CSnxɴEɶiɦɴ%{ {ɮxinɨɴvx Q{κliEix {ڴ|ɴk|ɪVE ɱɴi |i{nʴvix{, {ɮxixiɮRM|i{nʴvɪ ʴɮvɺz{i i ʨl& {ɮɱҪɺiʨi "|iɪkɮ{nS" <i j E]x {`i*

+i B '' <in|i{nHii {ڴǨi +Eɮ|ɶrRn{ x |{xiiɶRC "BR󿺴i" <i {x ɨʽiɨ**

xx '+V <xn' <inɴxiɮRMɺ{ Mhɺ{ɴnx ɴh nP v& i, +i +ɽ :-

 +{ɴn txj SʮilǺixiɮRMh vi ** 65 **

xɮEɶiɰ{ɺ vEiɤVɺɦɴi* B\S |Ei%xiɮRMh Mhx ɴhnP& ɨxɸɪ Sʮil hMhɪ{ɴn%{ vi* {ڴ{κlixʨkiɰ{xiɮRMiʴɹɪ <n*

kMɨnɪx vɤvEɴ&, ʦzɡii, +i B 'ɨh䦪 nv nҪiɨ, Eɱ& Ehbxɪ' <in Eɱnxx x nvnxɤv <i "U&" <i j E]&* iz, '+{ɴn xMnPiɺ' <i "nv%Ei&" <i jɦɹʴɮvi**

xx '+VMhi' <in Mhi xɮEɶirn& vi, ijɽ :-

 +ɺʴEɮ vɤvEɴ xκi ** 66 **

  "nP%Ei&" <iEnOɽhɨɺ Y{E* +xl 'ƪɪɨi' <ij xE Ei%xVxiin nP|{i iul {ɹ]*

< {ɮxiɮRMnvExɨ{ɤvEiɤvE* ix '+SEi' 'Ҩƺi' <in ʺr*

+t xnɴɺ {ɮiqPh v& |{xi* +xi "xv" <i nPhxiɮRMiniɺ v& |{i&*

k jEE|ɴikɮ{ ɴ |ɴkɺijnʨii& "BE" <i j E]&, iz ; xE Ei <i|{i "Mh RE&" <i jɺlɦɹHinnɽhɺRMiSixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx iSUnixɹɪ hֱ{ i* x S iz{ɴn&, +ɰ{{ɴn ʴE{x vEii* +i +ɽ :-

   iSUʱE %ɰ{ʴvxκi ** 67 **

hʱ ʺr "xxn˽" +njhEV \vxɨj Y{E* ij hֱ\& ɮ ʴɶɦɴi*

iSUʱEιi ʴɹɪɺ{iɨ* ix iSUʱEiSUʱES %ɰ{ʴvxi vɨ*

xxɨ 'E, Ex' <itʺr& "xʨEΨ{" <i h "+xnkiɶS n&" <i S vni Si, x ; "nn{nIɶS" <ixx n{VxɹvxHlǺxiii**

xxɨ 'ʺi Ujɺ xɨ' <in P\, '<SUi H' <ij ʱR],

'<ǹi{x& ɴi' <ij Jɱ |{xiii +ɽ :-

 H]i֨xJɱl %ɰ{ʴvxκi ** 68 **

<n\S %ɰ{ʴvxiii ʺr* inxii Y{E S '+ EiiSɶS' <i*

ij ʽ SEɮɨSSiʱR EiiSv ni EiiVOɽh Gi <ixj ʴɺiɮ&* "%ɰ{" j ɹ {ɹ]**

xx "& {H" <ij %ɰ{ʴvx b{ |{xi, Ei +n {ni +ɽ :-

 n %ɰ{ʴvxκi ** 69 **

 +nEiɴ{ɴi Eɮ xɺiil&* +j S "ɷiRS" <i R ʴvx Y{E* +xl "{ɮI ʱ]" <i ʱ] R& ɨɴ%ɰ{i ʺr <i E Rvxx? jnʦκiR ɨɴl iʴvɪE ʴɦɹOɽhxִk& "ʱ]& ExV" <i Oɽh S Eiɨ* iVY{ɪi "%ɰ{" j%{ɴn +nixGxi& |iɪ B Mi <i E]n vxiɨ* ii i nn iɺɨx ʱ]& Cɺ֮, x i {I iRi vɨ**

xx "R i" <in R& {ɮS%S {ɮi R <i i xn& i, +i +ɽ :-

 =ɪxn {\Sɨ xn ɱҪx ** 70 **

 +Si {iɨxnɺ "ɪ=\" <ikɮj Sʮili {\Sɨxn%xɴEɶ <i "iɺnikɮ" <iɺ |ɴk&* j i "b& ʺ v]" <inɴ֦ɪ{SʮilǨ, ij "iκx" <i j{Iɪ "iɺnikɮ" <iɺ {ɮii ix ɴɺl*

Bɨ֦ɪSʮil%{* l "+ʨ ɴxɨx& ]" <in* ij%%i {iɨ "jjɪ&" <ij Sʮil* +ni {\Sɨ "+VVɺE" <ij Sʮili {ɹ] "iκzi" <i j ɹ E] S**

<i xMɦ]]ʴɮSi {ʮɹxnJɮ

vɤVxɨE uiҪ |Ehɨ**

 

  ** +l ɺjɶ xɨE iiҪ |Ehɨ **

 

xx "+i& EEʨ" <i iɨ '+ɺE' <ij x i Eɶɤn{nxi, +i +ɽ :-

 |i{nEOɽh ʱRM ʴʶɹ]{ Oɽhɨ ** 71 **

ɨxɰ{h ʴɶɰ{h |i{nEvEɤnOɽh i ʱRMɤvE |iɪ ʴʶɹ]{ ix Oɽh vɨ* +{x Eɱɺ{il&*

+ɶS Y{E ɨxvEhvEɮl "Eɮ ɨhnʦ&" <i j jʱRMɸɨhnɤn{`&* j|iɪʴʶɹ]ɨhnʦɶS EɮҶɤn ɨxvEhɨ, x i Eɮɤni iniVY{E*

<\S "ui{ɮ&" <it{{nʴv, ɨɺxiʴv, ɽni, \xiɮ, Vɺɮ ɨhEɮ& "ɽx\nkɮ{nΨx" <in, ɨɺɺRPiOɽh S x |ɴii <i R{ j ɹ {ɹ]*

ʴɦHxʨkEEɪ S xi{ ij*

 

ij ɨɺxiʴvɴɪɴOɽh B x, ɨɺɺRPiOɽh i |ɴii B, ɮʴvɴ ɨɺɺRPiOɽh ij nH&, "ɽҽvɺ&" <i jɺl ɹSS, 'Biɴixiin|ɴk&, n& Jɱ{ Ex {ʮMhi&' <i ɹH&*

xxɨ "ɽҽvɺRҹ" <i jɺl ɹɺRMi&* ij ʽ 'Ehbvx' <ij "xtiɶS" <i E{ni xtxiɤɽҽʮili, xtxiɺ ɽʽiɦɴi inRMi&* xtxix & ɨɺ <ilx S {ʮiɨ*

xtxi|EiE֤xikɮ{nE& ɨɺ <i Si, x ; +xɪ {ʮɹɪ j|iɪ ɨʦɴɽɮ ipʽi o]x |i{nEi in{ vɨh ʴʶɹ]%{ {ɪ{iiɨini <iɶɪi**

 xxɨ 'x& {ɶ' <ij 'ִi& {ɶ' <ij{ "ɪִxɨ" <i ɨ|ɺɮh i,

+i +ɽ --

 ʴɦH ʱRMʴʶɹ]Oɽhɨ ** 72 **

{ɹ] Sɨ "ִxE" <ij ɹ* P]P]Oɽhx ʱRMʴʶɹ]{ʮɹɪ +xiii ixڱix**

xx "iɺ{iɨ" <iESxx{ƺEɦ xni 'MMǪ MM' <itH, +i +ɽ-

   j ʱRMɴSxɨixjɨ ** 73 **

"+r x{ƺE" <i x{ƺEOɽhɨ Y{E* xix{ƺEil i x inixj xɰ{iɨ*

vx{ɱɱxɪx xxiɮҪEiɪ iɪ{nxʨi "iɺ{iɨ" <ij ɹ {ɹ]* +i B "+Ebɮ" j BEi Sʮilʨixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx "ɶn ִS&" <in ʴvҪɨx& CR 'C n ޶ ɴxi' <ij{ i, +i +ɽ --

 x\ɴ HxɺovEh il lMi& ** 74 **

x\Hʨɴ H S i E\Sn oi ij iɺn ʦz iio%vEh p Eɪ ʴYɪi* ʽ = i& illMiɮκi* x ʽ '+hɨxɪ' <iH ]xҪ Ei ɴi* +iɶSɴxiʦz Sxiɺo%iinɴʴɹɪ CRi xH n&*

"+vS ʴɦHɴ|lɨɪɨ" <in ʴɦHOɽhɨizɪʺnvlxִn B* Bix ʴɦHʴitxii Y{Eʨi nxi& {ɮɺi&, +xii ɹɺɨi ɦɴi* +i B '+Eiʮ S' <i j EɮE Oɽh ɹ |iJiʨi vɨ* {ɹ] Sɨ "޶n&" <i j ɹ*

+jxɺoiCi oɺ nP]ii Sɪi* xɰ{i Six\Vڹɪɨ**

  xx 'Q, ESS{' <in ֤xix ɨɺi ii%{xiɮRMi]]{ +nxiiɦɴVVi Ih Rҹ x i, +i +ɽ --

 MiEɮE{{nx En& ɽ ɨɺɴSx

|E ֤i{k& ** 75 **

"={{n" <i j%iROɽhx "EMi" <ij in{EhxiRxiɶS ɨɺ <ili iɪ& jɪ& {{iɺ xɴiEnx֨i EɮEƶ S ʺrɨ* ix '+Gi' <i ʺr* +xl {ڴ ]{nxiiɦɴi "GiiEh{ڴi" <i Rҹ x i*

+ +xiii CSi ֤i{ixxiɮ{ ɨɺ&*

l ʽ iɺ vxGii*

 

+x ixii x xɨ, ijVni]]ʤiɽ&* +i B 'EEɮ&' <in ɹ` ɨɺ%{ ֤i{k& {ڴǨ* ɹ`Һɨɺɦɴ S{{nɨɺEi BElԦɴ <i x ij Cʨi ɹ {ɹ]*

ij ʽ 'ɹ`Һɨɺn{{nɨɺ ʴ|iɹvx' <i kE* +lɴ 'ʴɦɹ ɹ` ɨɺ n x ɹ`Һɨɺɺin{{nɨɺ&' <i ii|iJx S*

t{{{nɨɺɺxiɮRMiʦ|ɪE 'x ɹ`Һɨɺɦɴn{{nɨɺ&' <i iEEiH, il{ inɪ|iJx{ɮ, '+lɴ' <in ɹ {ʮɹɪ ɨxi& EɮE{nxx EɮEʴɦCixix En& ɨɺɨjɺ ֤i{k& {ڴǨ ɦi*

Bix EɮEiuɪ{nx Bi {ɮɺiɨ* + ʴvECiɦɴx ʴ|iɹvn

ɺjɴi EɪǴɴɺl{Eix{nx BilDZɦSS**

xx "=MnSɨ" <ij viSnMiEɪ i\Sii xɪɨxvi xʨ ʺr%viOɽh lǨ, +i +ɽ --

ɨ|iEɦɴ i{ڴMi& ** 76 **

ikn Sxɺɨl xɪʺrɨ* iiɨlnvi֦i{ڴǺ{ilx Mii& C{ 'Mx' <in x֨ ʺr&* "" <inj ɹ {ɹ]**

   ɽҽ inMhɺʴYxɨ{ ** 77 **

+{x +inMhɺʴYxɨ* i Mhxɨɴɪɴ{nlx ʴYx ʴɶxʪiʨi inl&*

j ɨɴɪɺɨxvx ɨxvx{nl&, ij |ɪɺinMhɺʴYxɨ* +xj |ɪ%xi* 'ɨEhSjM' =nɽh*

'ɴnx, VIin&' <i Snɽh* ɴxɨɺY j ɹ {ɹ]**

xx "n& { C{ S" <i SxxE] i& "ִ ɴ" <ij{xִk& i, +i +ɽ --

SxE] xkɮj ** 78 **

hɨֱxִiǨx "+ɪ%lʦ|i" <i j {xhǨֱOɽhxɺ Y{E* +xl 'Ci S' <i ni*

ir =kɮjɪ& ɨɨvlǨ* =nɽhx ]x*

<nxiɨ* +i B "iiҪ S &" <ij SxE]ɪ +{ uiҪɪ "+xiɮ%xiɮh" <ij ɨxv&*

"] S E{&" <i jɺlxxִklEESEɮ|iJxx ʴɯrɨ* Jxnxִk xɴkxɴǽ <i inɶɪ&* "EʱVɱCJ S" <i jɺlɦɹʴɯr S* ij ʽ "uM& `S" <i ji `x&, ij 'Sx{xE] J%xiɮɨ' <iɺ Sxִk Ei CJ Si ɹ |iJiɨ**

xxxnknxinkSS nSi in\Vxn\VxxiSS x |{xiii +ɽ --

   ɮʴv \Vxɨʴtxɴi ** 79 **

ɮqE ʴvʴil&* "xkɮ{n%xnknɴ{lɴүp{ڹɨxlɹ" <i j {lɴn{ɪnɺ亪Y{E&* +xl {lɴnxɨxnkniɦɴn|{i iul {ɹ]*

v̨OɽExn S ɮqEʴɹɪʨn* +i B "i֮x֨xtVn, "+S& EkǪE"

<in +S <inSʮilǨ* +i B "Vɴi" <in xɱ{ɺʺrinxiҶɤnii, "+xi%i&" <i ɮ x, '=nʷix' <ij "xbɨ" <i i֤nki S xiE&* {ɹ] Sn "ɨɺɺ" <i

j ɹ*

 

"=SSnk&" <i j E]i '<ɨxɴɶE, ʨɨɴɾiV{ɮMh %{nknnɦɺkn{{k&' <iɽ* ij ɹ%{ vxiɨii**

xxɨ{ 'Voi' <iɪn "ɨɺɺ" <ixinki EɮEɮ x i, +i +ɽ --

ɮ|{i \Vxɨʴtxɴi ** 80 **

+ɶS "ixɴ&" <i j%x|iɹv Y{E&* 'xɴɨ' <ijnxEɮ x ɮM&, ɶSEɮitM xɺɴnʮi |iɹv%xlE&*

x Sn Eɮ =nkMhʴʶɹ]xiɮiɨX{%κii Sɨ, il i xʨkɦiuSEiɺʴxɶn{VҴʴɮvxtnki|{i&, <ixj ʴɺiɮ&* {ɹ] Sɨ "ɨɺɺ" <i j ɹ**

 

xx "{ڮh Mh" <i xɹvɺiɴi{ i "n +i" <iɪi n& C{{ i, il "i%xɴ&" <i ɮ hi{ i "@o%R Mh&" <i SR{ i; +i +ɽ --

xɮx֤xvE Oɽh x x֤xvE ** 81 **

inx֤xvE Oɽh xinx֤xvE ** 82 **

"ɨndbb" <i j bbbibiɨxɪY{E* ir "ɪiSinl"

<ij iɪOɽhlǨ* x\& {ɮ ɪnxiɺkɮ{nxi =nk <i inl&* B Sɴɨn%ɪ

{ڴ{n|Eiɺɮ B ɴi*

ixjx֤xvEOɽh SxɶSx֤xv ɺ inOɽh xixil&* Bi S |iɪ|iɪɺvɮh, n +i" <in \Sʮiii*

hM{ɽh Sxɪ|ɴkʮi {ɹ] "+R +{&" <ij ɹ* xx֤xvx x֤xvEi nx֤xvEin inxSSɮh B, v̨OɽExi* ix "Vɶɺ&" <ij xi xɮx֤xvEii iriɶi Bj Oɽh ni x RCɨ*

Bɨxi%xiɮx֤xvSSɮh B* ix "x S" <in Rx{Cx{Oɽhʺr&*

BEx֤xvEOɽh ɨɴii il x ɹnɨi <ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx 'E]Ү&' <in lEii lEx |Eii ʱRMɴixxִkxǪ|{iii {ƺix{{k&, '+{E{ɨ' <ij x{ƺEESxɪx{{kɶSii +ɽ --

CSi lE& |Eii ʱRMɴixxiɴixi ** 83 **

"hS& κjɪɨ" <i j κjɪʨiH Y{E* +xl "EǴiɽɮ hS κjɪɨ" <i κjɪɨ ʴvxi E ix? {ɹ] S ɽVvɪE ɹ**

xx '{l xMɮ' <i "ִxE" <i jɦɹnɾi "<x& κjɪɨ" <i E{ i +i +ɽ --

ɨɺxiʴvɮxi& ** 84 **

"|inɺii{֯" <ixinkiɪƷn Vɨ ɤn{`% Y{E&* +xl ]Sƴxinki ʺr E ix? "ujɦ {qxr" <i ɮ ʴvɪE ɹ {ɹ]**

xx 'ix' <in xʨ Ei ]Y |{xi, iiɶS E i, il '={nɺi'

<iji Ei "lPʮSS" <ii |{xiii +ɽ --

z{iɱIh ʴvɮxʨk iuPiɺ ** 85 **

z{i& = u& ɨxv&, izʨk ʴvɺi z{i ʴɽxi, iɺxʨkɨ*

={VҴʴɮvɺɪHiʨi xɪɨڱ*

+i Bj z{iɶɤnx x {ڴ{ɮ& ɨxv B, Exi ʴɶ乪ʴɶh z{i%{ Mi* +i B 'Oɨh Eɨ' <in x{ƺE򿺴i%{ "{i Ei" <i iE x* |i{nEVxiiɺz{ix Viɺ ɺ inʴvɪEii* iCVxiiʴPi& {ɹ] B*

x SlǸɪix ɺ ʽRMiɪʺriɨ, +lEiɤʽRMixɸɪhɺHii* E\S "iiEʺr&" <iinɱi EiiMOɽhSS iMv ʽRM{ʮɹɪ +|ɴk&*

 

ɴʴvɺz{iOɽhn 'hǸɪ& |iɪ hʴSɱɺxʨk i' <iii{ʮɹ

nxɰ{hɴɺɮ iEEiH, -- 'x ʽ |iɪ& {ڴ {ɮ z{i xʨkE&, B S z{i ɤnx Mi <i i x |iɪ& z{ixʨkE& <i REɪ in{iRMɺY ixʨk niEnʶxH' <i x inɹʴɮv&*

E\S '&, MMǪ&, xi&' <inɴ{RMɺYɪ {xʨkix{i hǸɪ <iɺ lǪɨ*

'Oɨh Eɨ' 'Oɨh{j&' <inɴkɮ{nxʨkE i lEl\Sn ʽRM{ʮɹɪ{ ɮh ɨɴii "ExVxi&" <ij "ɺ {i" <i jSEnʶx iɪ {ʮɹɪ iM

ʮi ɹ*

+i B {ʮɹɡixnH "ExVxi&" <i j iEEii ESi*

z{iɱIhʴviɨɺ ʱRMɨ* |ɴk& |E xʨkɦi & z{i&, iuPiɺ iʮHɺjɺ ɪɨxʨkʨi i*

xxɨ 'ɨɪ' <in "{ S" <i nPx{k&, +nxiRMɺz{ix Viɺ nɺ iuPiEii*

x S \niɺ{InPǺ ʽRMiɪ%ʺrizj z{iʴPi <i Sɨ, +ɮ{iʺri%{ ɺiiɺiuPiɺ Vɪɨxixii|ɴk&*

E\SxiɮRM EiǴ ʽRMɺʺri%{ ij Ei iɺʺri xɦ&*

E\SinʶEz{iʴPiɦɴɨnɪin|ɴk 'Mʮ' <in ɨr{%{ lxɴix xʨkɺz{iʴPiɦɴi, ijiɺiɴ{i{ɮ "ExVxi&" <i jɺlɦɹɺRMi&*

z{iɺɶɺjҪizj lxɴiʨi Si, ijʺriɨ{ Elʨi ʴɦɴ, '+ɺjҪ%ʺri|ɴk&' "<nni" <i j E]x {ɹ]Hii*

B\S {ڴjʺrҪ%{ Eɪ Bii{ʮɹ|ɴkɦǴii Si, x; 'E]ɪ' <i xnxiɺ +xiii*

ɪ& z{iɺ ʴPiE ɺjɨ, iɪ& z{ixʨkEʴvɴ{nxɨ{Iiʨi i xOɽ&* +i B 'nI&' <ijEɮxi|Ei\z{ixʨkRMɺY%xɪ {ʮɹɪɱ{ɺ xʨk x niɶRCxiix ɨʽiɨ, "ExVxi&" <i j ɹ; 'x RMɺYɪɨnxiɺRMɺY' <iHκi*

x S 'EEɮ&, +vɪ' <inɴɴɪɺYɪ +xɪ {ʮɹɪ ɮh{ɮɹɺRM

i&* +xɪ {ʮɹɪ M ɦi, +ɪi i n* E ʽ inҪɺz{iɺ ʴPi&, xɴɪɺYɪ* Yɡ iES ni Sɨ, Binnɽh{ɮɹ|ɨhx Ii{ɮ{ɮ xʨkɺz{iʴPiE ɪɨxʨiʨilxni* BixjES ni{ɺiɨ*

x S EɪEɱ{I MECi{zɺYɤv%{EVECi{zɺni Sɨ, +xiɮRMɪ inECi{zɺYɪ ʽRMMhnʺrii, MECi{z i x Mhni%xiɮRM, =ɪ{ ɤni& ֤ɸɪii*

"xɪɺɪ&" <i xnɶS%xi* ix xi|ɺRM&* {ɹ] S "ExVxi&" <i j ɹ* + +xii x ɹ {ʮMhix - hǸɪ&, |iɪ& hʴSɱɺxʨkɨ,

'nI&'* +i {Mv& - G{ɪi* {Mɺ - +ni{i* intEɮ]Τv& - i* <bvɮEɮ{ɺ - {{ɴx* "xb i{" "+xinknkɮ{ni" <i iΤɦCinki {ڴxPiɺ - +Mxɨx, {ɮɴS* xnҿi ɨr{ɺ - 'xn, Eʮ' <in* n nPiɺ -

 

E]ɪ* <i%xj |ɴkɮ, 'n& Jɱ{ Ex {ʮMhi&' <i ɹHxjʴɺiɮ&**

xx '{\Sxph ni + {\Sxp&' <in "uME" <ih E "Ciri" <i j|iɪɱCxE& ɴh{k&, +i +ɽ -

zɪMʶɹ]xɨxiɮ{ɪ =ɪ{{ɪ& ** 86 **

+j S "ʤɱEnɶU E" <i jɺl UOɽh Y{E* ir Ujɺ Mvx uɮ EE%xɴkɪl nilǨ* Ei EMMɨxbtxiMi ʤɱn B ij xn] ʤɱEnɤnx*

xSɨ{ UOɽh lǨ, Ei EMMɨxִnɨln inxɴkʺr&, +xl "ʤɱn&"<i ni* Ih|i{nH{ʮɹɪ ʤɱn{֮Eɮh ʴʽi|iɪɺ Mvxzi|ɺRM <i Sɨ, ii%{ |i{nHix "ʤɱnh" <i ʴEɮtlǺ M{kɴɮhl EMxִnSʮili* ɨSSɪlESɶɤnM i ʴvɪEEʱEiEnixɪɨzɪʺr{Ҫɨ*

k "hʴɹ]i" <ixx {ƴiʴvxɨinxiiY{xlǨ* +xl 'Biɪi' <in

]{x R{ xɴk 'zɪMʶɹ]' {ʮɹɪ iɺ{ xɴi 'Biɪi' <inʺr {ƴiɴl {ɹ]i "]&" <i j E]&, ii, x; '<bʤbSɹ] Bbʤbi' <in {ƴiɺɴɶEii* 'Bx& x&' <in i lxɴix ʺrʨixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx 'S֮ ұɨɺ& S'<in ұɨ "Ujn h&" <i h R{ x |{xiii

+ɽ --

iSUʱE h%hEix ɴxi ** 87 **

"+x" <ih ʴʽi|EiɦɴɤvxlǨ "EɨǺiSUұ" <i x{ixɨɺ Y{E*

iSUʱEhxii "+hnS&" <i ʡ\r{ɺ& |ɪVxʨi xɴ&* iSUʱE <iH& "in

|ɽhɨ" <i h 'nhb' <i* "Eɨ&" <i j ɹ {ɹ]**

xx "E{ʮbɨ" <in "Vr&" nʮɮ, <ii +ɽ --

vi& EɪǨSɨx ii|iɪ ɴi ** 88 **

hɽi iix{ixɨɺ Y{E*

'vi& ɰ{Oɽh ii|iɪ EɪʴYxɨ' <i {`i '|ɺb&' <in "+xnkɺ Sn{vɺ" <iɨ{nxx ɹ nʹi&*

iEɪ |iɪxʨk ijB ɴɺl{E* ix {nxiixɤxvxɨ "" <i Eiɨ '|hMɨ' <in ɴi* <Rnʴv i x, "x ںvɪ&" <i xɹvxxiii* "Vr&" <ij ɹ {ɹ]**

xx 'ɴE, <SSE&' <in ɴxɴɪɺY x iɨ, +i +ɽ --

ixv{iiɺinOɽhx Mi ** 89 **

"xnnE&" <i j '+E&' <i xɹv% Y{E&* 'inEnɦi inOɽhx Mi' <i "x ʴv&" <i j ɹ {`&**

xx "MiɺlP{ɦڦ&" <i ʺS E '+{ɺi' <in {i{ i, +i +ɽ --

MEhɱMEhɪMEhɺ ** 90 **

+\S Y{E& "ɮi i" <i j Ri H iɺڪi& {lRxn <i

 

E]&* iz, ɽSɪnMEhɺ Oɽh |{i {lRxnɺ iVY{Eiɺɨɴi*

vxi S {ʮɹ "ɺ ʴɦɹ" <ij ɹ* ij ʽ 'ʴni&' <i |ɪM xɹvɨɶRC 'n{n̴ɦɹ, in{nxɹv& "ʴɦɹ Mɨɽxʴnʴɶɨ" <i j 'ʴEhɺ M{ɽh MEhɶSɪɨ' <iH* ij S i, i%ƱMEh&, +i ʴʶɺɽSɪSUʴEhɺ Oɽhɨ, x i xɺɽSɪn{, Bii{ʮɹʴɮvni inɶɪ&*

+i B {ʮɹɪ MEhɺi xH* Eh`iɺi ɹ B C{ x {`i* 'Miɺl' <i j '{ɤiOǽhɨ EiǴɨ' <i iEEi 'ɴj {Oɽh%MEhɺ M{ɽhɨ' <i ɹEi SH* "ɮi i" <i j E]x S {ɹ]H**

xx '|VPɪʪɹi' <in "SR" <i ʴvҪɨx Ei x i +i +ɽ --

|EiOɽh hvE{ Oɽhɨ ** 91 **

+SRi |iɹv Bɺ Y{E&* < S Ei ʴɹɪ* "SR" <i j ɹ

{ɹ]ɨ**

xx 'ֹɦɨ' <in 'ɺ&' <ij ʨi SUn ɺ ʨ Ei%xiɱ{ Bi i, +i +ɽ --

+RM k {xɴkɴʴv& ** 92 **

+RM = +RMvEɮ kɨ = xɹ{z iEɪǨ, iκx i {xɮxɺRMEɪǺ k = |ɴkɴʴvx ɴiil&*

B S "VnnҪɺ&" <iuvxx Y{i* +xlEɮ{x "+Eɴ" <i nPh S ʺr iul {ɹ]* +i B "YVxV" "VnnҪɺ&" <i jɪx Y{ʪi E |ɪVxʨi |ɶx {ɤiMh|iɹv =H&, x H&, <i |ɪVxɨH, x i Iʺr{ɨ* inH "ɺ ɨ" <ij '+ɨ' <i SUn&, " {&" Sxiɱ{ B "+i Mh" <i {ɮ{h ʺr 'ֹɦɨ' <ixj xɰ{iɨ*

B\S juɺlɨiVY{x{ɮ ɹɨ "ɺ ɨ" <i jɺl S ɹɨEnHʮiɽ&**

k '+i' <i S "+Mh&" <i MhOɽhi --

Y{ڴEʴvxiiɨ ** 93 **

<n\S ʴvE] Y{ڴEi B* 'ix ɪɨִɨ' <in ʺr**

il xɱbi ʺr +xOɽhi --

+Mɨɶɺjɨxiɨ ** 94 **

ix Mɮ ikEɨɺin ʺr**

il ixn{`n ʺr "ixnE\&" <i j E\ Oɽhi --

MhEɪǨxiɨ ** 95 **

ix 'x ʴɷɺnʴɷɺiɨ' <in ʺr**

il SIR RiEhi --

+xnkkɱIhɨix{nxiɨ ** 96 **

 

ix 'ɪzɨE&' <in ʺr**

il ʴxl x\ ɨɺx "+xnkɨ {nxE" <i ʺr VOɽhi --

x\P]iɨxiɨ ** 97 **

ix "xRR" <iɺxiii ' ֧' <i ʺrʨi, ii, x; ɹ%nxi, ɹxHY{ilǺ vixɪɨEi xɦɴi, ɹʴSʮi|ɪVxx jIɮh {ɮɪhnɴo]jlEiE{xɪ BSii*

E\S Y{i%{xiɺ x lCɨ, +bMɨɶx|ɪMɺ|ʺr&*

+bOɽh i bOɽhɴni vɨ* +i B "P{ ʱ] " <i j i |iJiɨ* {%{]{I +]& ɴh ʴɹi -- 'nvi' <i, +] 'nvi' <i* +Mɨɶɺjɺxii i]i 'nvi' <iʺnv OɽhɺɴɶEix ii|iJxɺRMi& {ɹ]*

Bix iE]x ESninx% Oɽhɺ inxiij{EiH, %{ Sxi,|iJx{ɮɹʴɮvi, ixn j E\Oɽhɺ ɹ |iJxSS* SIR REɮxiniɦɴɺɨ{nxx SʮilSS**

Bɨ --

+inʶExiɨ ** 98 **

ɴʴvɦ {ʴvʮbvɶS ɱɴx ** 99 **

<in ɹxH vɨ* 'ɪɨɦִɨ' <in E%v, <ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

n{ -- xx xiRCɶ̱R vn x i, +i +ɽ --

|EiOɽh RMxiɺ{ Oɽhɨ ** 100 **

ɹ]uiɺ u&|ɪMʺrxix |ɪMuɰ{ ɨnɪ |Eiɰ{iɤvxxn xɪʺr*

+i B Vֽvin ui Ei viʺrʮi* in{ x, ɹ%nxi* E\S ix ʺrxix |iE uiiɤvx%{ ɨnɪɺ iiɤvx xɦɴ&*

+i B "nnnM" <i j%i& {ɮin ui Ei {ɮɺiǦɴ {ڴǺ ɴh |{xiiɶRC ʴɹɪɺ{ɸɪhx {ʮi ɹ*

+xl inHi 'BEVuSx' xɪx ɨnɪɺn{k inRMi& {ɹ]*

iɺnkɮJhbnɪ lɪM ikiEɪ|ɴkɤv*

"ںִ&" <iɺ inxiRMɺili |{iɺ Mhxɹvɺ ii xɪɨ <i x iuv&* iɺrxiRE 'vi' <in vɴtnɾi Sxiɨixj ʴɺiɮ&**

n{ xx "rǺSɨn&" <ijC{ʮɹ{κli ɱҪtʺr&, +i +ɽ --

ʴv {ʮɹ{iɹ]i xxִn ** 101 **

+xtx ʴɶh izɪʨE {ʮɹ x{iɹ]i +i inl&*

ʴvRMɦix {ʮɹh ʴvxʺriɪ ɨxvɺɨɴ%{ iuhɴɴɺl{Eix

Sʮilx iuhɴɴɺl{Ei xɦɴ <i iEڱɨ*

E\S "=nSɨi& lx"<i j lx Oɽhɨɺ ʱRMɨ* +xl "ɹ] lx"

<i {ʮɹɪ iɱɦ iul {ɹ]i, ii, x; "=nkɺʮiɪh&"<in "R& ɨ|ɺɮhɨ"<i jɦɹHi "+{%x&"<in Siɺ ʦSʮiii, ɹxHiSS* lx ɨxv x

{ʮɹɱɦ <ilǺ "ɹ] lx" <i j ɹ {ɹ]Hix inHY{EɴɨɴSS* ij lxOɽh i {ɹ]lǨ*

E\S "ʴv{ʮɹ"<i |ɴn& "<EMhɴr""+SɶS"<ixɪ̴vҪi <ivɽɮڱE&, +xj i xɺ ʨixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx 'xɨɺEi nx' 'xɨɺi nx' <in "xɨ& κi"<i Sil nǮ, <ii +ɽ --

={{nʴɦH& EɮEʴɦHDZҪɺ ** 102 **

EɮEʴɦHi\S GVxElEʴɦHiɨ* iSS |lɨɪ +{ɺii { EɮEʴɦHʮi "ɽH"<inj ɹ vxiɨ*

< S SxC* +i B "ɺS ɴx"<i {iɨ{IɪvEhɺ{iɨ ɱɴiɨxx xɪx, "ij S nҪi"<i j ɹ vxiɨ, E]x S {ɹ]H* Bix 'Gxʪi EɮEiɨ' <i{ɺiɨ, "ɺS ɴx"<i {iɨ +{ Gxʪii*

i |vxҦiGɺɨxvxʨkEɪix EɮEʴɦHx ɱɴi nxi; iɨ֦ɪ{ GɺɨxvxʨkEix inRMi& {ɹ]* "xɨ ʮ" <iɺj 'xɨɺi nx' <in Sil ɮhɪ ɹ ={xɺɺɺRMiS**

Bix 'GEɮEɨxvxiɮRM&' <i izʨk ʴɦHxiɮRM, ={{nlx i iE\Si HEɮEڱE& ɨxv <i izʨk ʴɦHʽRMi{ɺiɨ, 'xɨɺi' <ij xɨ& {nl%{ GEɮEɦɴ xxɪi* +j S xɨ& {nlǺ{ Gi hbi hb*

"ɽH"<in S |vx |lɨ vxlʨɪ ɹ ={xɺiixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx '+n֪R' <in {ڴǺ{ Ci{k&, +i +ɽ --

+xxiʴEɮ%xiɺnɺ ** 103 **

+xxiɺnxxɺnɪE|ɪM M{i|{iɴxiɺnɺɴi inl&* +xl vinxiɺi'xi' 'i' <inɴ iɨ, x i 'xɨi' 'ʺ\Si' <in*

+xiʴEɮ <i S ʱRMɨ*

+xix ɨx n ɺ %xiɺn&* ii SxiɴhiuhǪʮiɮɴɴvxx vɨ*

+i B ʴvv <itlǨ "x ɨ|ɺɮh"<i SʮilǨ*

"+{%x&"<in& '+xɺiIh'<inɴn#Eɮnɴ|ɴkɮ{ɺ& ɨ, Vn n{ɮzxiRMɺEɮ { <ilǺRMƶ |iɪɺkliERIiɪSinRMɴɪɴ Vnn{ɮx <inGhxEjxECɹ]E{x{Iɪɺ =Siii*

x S "R& ɨ|ɺɮhɨ"<i j ɹ |iJii ʨiɴɨ, iEHxɨxECɹ]E{xʦɮxlʺr |n{ xiɺ& {ʮɹɪ& |ɪVxx, inlǨ EiǴ |iʴv n, |iʴvx Snkxni ʺrʨi{ɺƽɮi* 'ʨɨVɹi' <il S* ij r& {ڴǨxiɮRMii ui {ɮinɺEɪ ii%ɺEɮ rɮhɪɴɶE* x S r {xɮɺɿix

ʺr&, 'I Ihɺ' <i xɪx {xɮ|ɴk&*

k "x ɨ|ɺɮh"<i j ɹ 'xiɺ& {ʮɹɪ& |ɪVxx' <iH* iɺɪɨl& --

Biij |ɪVxxiɺ& {ʮɹɪ x ɴxi, vnɴxiɺɨxnɪh%ɴni* 'xix

Biɺ& |ɪVxx' <i {`%{ CSn oi*

SxC* {ɹ] S "R&"<i j "+n%&"<i j S 'ESnxiɺnɺ' <ixx ɹ <ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx "+HxEhɺi&"<i {ɮ{ɨ, '{]i' <i '{]i' <in "+xiɺ"

<ixiɺ |{xiii +ɽ --

xxlE%%xiʴvɮxɦɺʴEɮ ** 104 **

+xɦɺiH 'ʴɦi' <in "\ʨi"<itxiɺ* +ɺ%xlE&, +lǴiɦɴi, ExikɮJhb BlǴxixj xɰ{iɨ*

B "+xii"j ɹ {ɹ]* xɨxlʺrEh|iJi Si ii Bɴvɪiɨ**

xx 'hɴi S ɼxhҴiɶS' <in "{֨x κjɪ"<iE{k&, ji{ƺiiʮHEiʴɶɦɴi, +i +ɽ --

|vx|vxɪ& |vx EɪǺɨ|iɪ& ** 105 **

ix |vxɺji{ƺiiʮH|vxɺji{ƺiEiʴɶɺ{ ix x n&* {ɹ] Sɨ "x{ƺEx{ƺEx"<ixɪǹ*

"+xiɮRM{VҴn{ |vx |ɤɱɨ' <i "i֨i S"<ij ɹE]&**

xx ɻni|ɪH i ɤn RΤxɹv& {ʮSUk޴SEi޶ɤn%{ i,

+i +ɽ --

+ɪɴ|ʺr& ɨnɪ|ʺrDZҪɺ ** 106 **

ix r f VxxҴSE Oɽhɨ, x {ʮSUk޴SE* 'MVɤv inxʱRMiɶrfV{κli& |iɤxvE' <i i{kɮ inVɨ* lEɮvEhxɪʺr%ɨl&*

EζSk "nvҴ]ɨ"<ijxɪ {ʮɹɪ nvҴR Oɽhɨ, x nRvR\

xʨi, ii, x; il i 'nҴvҴ]ɨ' <i nnix**

xx iɪxl MɴI%R Eα{Eii 'MI&' <it{ i, +i +ɽ --

ɴκliʴɦɹɪ{ Eɪh Gxi ** 107 **

Ixֺɮn ɴɺl v* "SU&"<i j "]& i"<in j S ɹ {ɹ]**

ʴvxɪɨɺɨɴ ʴvɮ Vɪx ** 108 **

xɪɨ iɪ +xxɴk& ɨli {ʮE{xɨHxִnnɶSi Pɴn ʴvɮi vɨ* "ɺ &"<ij "<Vn& x֨&"<in S ɹ {ɹ]ɨ**

xx "+ɶƺɪ iɴSS"<ixx R < R]{in& i, +i +ɽ --

ɨxin ʴɶxin& ** 109 **

ɨx{κliEɱ xɪɨx ʴɶ{ɺl{EɨOɦɴ% Vɨ* ixxtixɦiɰ{ ʴɶ ʴʽiɪiɪxin&* <ɨxi, "x {"<i ʱRMi* ix lxɴijh ʴɶin%{* {ɹ] Siiɴ "lxɴi" j ɹ**

xx "iiʮiɨ"<i ʮiiɨ 'SEҹi' <in i, +i +ɽ --

|iɪ|iɪɪ& |iɪɺ Oɽhɨ ** 110 **

< S "+RMɺ"<i j ɹ {`i* hOɽh S x |ɴii <i ij

E] {ɹ]* +i B "xƶʦI =&""ɱ"<ij x´ɱɪ& |iɪɪOǽhɨ*

{ɮ i "iiʮiɨ"<i j B {ʮɹ IɺƺEɮɪ ɹ C{ xʸii E]xH* "+RMɺ"<i j ii|iJxɪ ɹ BEnʶxH* +i B "ii |iɪOɽh

EiǴɨ"<i iEEiH =Hjɪ䴪Jxi |iɪ Oɽhʨiɽ&**

xx "ʴ{ɮɦ V&" <iix{n '{ɮɺx Vɪi' <ilE '{ɮVɪi x' <ij

|{xiii +ɽ --

ɽSʮiɺɽSʮiɪ& ɽSʮiɺ Oɽhɨ ** 111 **

ix ʴɶɤnɽSɪn{ɺMǺ {ɮɶɤn Oɽhʨi ij ɹ {ɹ]* ɽSɮh oɪi ɽSʮiɶɤnx oɴxSi* 'ɨɱIh' <inɴ{ oɨ xɪɨE* oɪ ɽʴɴI, iɪ ɽ|ɪM <iiMSS* vxi Sn "E|ɴSxҪɪHuiҪ"<i j ɹ*

ij ʽ "{\Sɨ{R{ʮʦ&"<i jh IhntiE{ʮM {\SɨҨɶRC 't{ɪ {ʮo]{Sɮ Vx SɴVx S, + Jɱ{ɶɤn%o]{Sɮ Vxl B E|ɴSxҪ&, iɺ E%x& ɽɪ ʴi֨ɽix Vxli, lɺ M& ɽɪxl <i MxҪi, xɷ&, x Mn&' <iH* ix ʽ oxɨ |ɪM ɽɪɦɴ vi&*

"uκjɶSi&"<i j ɽSɪh Ei%lǺ Oɽh ʺr EilOɽhn%xi* ix "nvҴ]ɨ"<ij viֺɽSɪ%{Mɨɺ] Oɽhʨixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx "+κl"<ixR '|ɪɺClx hx' <ij x i, +RMɺ x{ƺEiɦɴi, +i +ɽ --

ixʨiɪ& iɺɨxv ɱɴx ** 112 **

ix ɨxv&, xxʨix |Ehn|{ixil&* |Ehni& iDZɴini ɴ&*

B S ij ʱRMɨɺlnxɨ ʴɶhɨ, xRMɺ ʶɶұMxΨvɹ i Mhɺɦɴi |Eh|{iRMɺ ʴɶhɨ*

+i B " x{ƺE"<i j " "<i x Eiɨ* ij x{ƺEOɽh ʽ Mhɺ jxiɺ x{ƺEi l i, 'ɽ nni ix Ex ɽnni' <ij i; 'ɽx nnxi i ɽnnxi&' <ij l niɨlǨ* {ɹ] Sn "ɨx{ƺEi"<ij ɹ*

ESk "+S ɦ u"<ij ix xʨkix ɮxiɦǴnxʨix E̪i vi <iinnɽhɨɽ&, ii, x; iGEhbxxɪx ʺrʮixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx "ii{֯ iֱl&"<i ɮ& '{ɮh, EɮEh, {ɮEɮEh' <in i, il "MiɺlP{ɦڦ&"<i E '{ + h' <ii& Eiii {ɮ{ i, +i +ɽ --

Ih |i{nH& |i{nH Oɽhɨ ** 113 **

ikuHʴɶtxִnx ʴʽi ʽ ɨɺn& |i{nH&, iɺ Oɽhɨ, O{κliEii* uiҪ ʽ ʴɱɨ{κliE&* '{' <iɺ '{' <i { Ihxֺxvx{ڴE

ʴɱɨ{κliE* {ɤii iSUQ{κliE* <n ii {ʮɹɤVɨ* < hOɽh%{ "+i"j ɹ \Sʮiii*

k hOɽh x "+nS&"<ij{nOɽhni, ik iκz j ɤnxnJɮ nʹiʨi ii B p]ɨ*

+xi Sɨ "ִɶS ɽɴɾi&"<i ɽɴɾiOɽhnixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx nR nviS Eiiɺ PֺY x i, il R +i '|hɨi' <in "xMnxn"<i hi x i, il 'M' <iɺi "P֨ɺl"<ii x i, +i +ɽ --

MɨnOɽh乴ʴɶ& ** 114 **

+j S Y{E n{& {iɨ* ir '+n{' <i ɨxOɽhlǨ* +xl IhEin ʴv inOɽh ʺr E xɹv ɨxOɽhlx {ix? ix SEnx֨iuɮ ɨ{h {ʮɹ Y{i* < S Ih|i{nH{ʮɹxɮx֤xvE{ʮɹɱMEh{ʮɹh vE* "nv P"<i j ɹ {ɹ]*

"Miɺl"<i j <hnMOɽhɨ乪i <i x n <ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

|iE C{ʮɨ{i& ** 115 **

'nnkn Vxiɨ' <ij Vɴi**

xx ƪMɺYɺɨɺɺY%ɺiɺY +{ |iE &, + +ɽ --

CSiɨnɪ%{ ** 116 **

'MM& i nhbxiɨ, +lxɶS Vx ʽhx ɴxi' <in nhbxɴi* Ix֮vx S ɴɺl**

xx "κjɪJ"<ij H{I nPxnnxhix OɽEj|{inktxiɨSSɮh%xɺɮE Y x i, +i +ɽ --

+nE& Mh& ** 117 **

+i ix ɰ{hSSʮi Mh x nE&, x ʴɴIi <il&*

Vi{I i xɺ{ɪM <i vɨ* '' <in nPǨjɴkVixnz Iiʮixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx 'ɴxɨx' <ij hiɦɴx{ix%{ E hi|ɪMɺ vi i, +i +ɽ --

vEx x{ixx ** 118 **

ikiEɪ x|{i x{ixɮi* "{֮h|H"<i x{ii{֮hɶɤnx {֮ix ɤn v& |{i%{ {޹nnizi vɨ*

{֮hi {޹iɮn& {֮ixi Six* <ɨ "ɴn"j ɹ {ɹ]*

x Sɨɺlɪnx "xΤɹɪɺ"<itnkiɪxinɺxR& lxxְ{%xnk BSSɮhҪ =nkSSɮh ʴɴIl ʴɹii Elɨɺ Y{iʨi Sɨ, {ɮκlɶɤnnɤxink =nkMhE{ lxɴix ʴɴIɪ xɦɴi*

"Siɺɪtnkx{ix Eʮɪi, vn +tnkx{ix Eʮɪi, {nn%xink x{ixi, ɽ =nk x{ii"<in ɹ iEi%]vɪ{` CSnnkt

SSɮh ʴɴIlʨiɶɪx*

"j躴ɪh {`&"<i {I i Y{E{ɮ ɹʨi E]n&*

{ɮ i, x{ix xɨxo |ɪM |{i%xo|ɪMEhɨ, ikp{n ixi ij ijnknʴɴI* "iɺSiɺ" <ij uxu|ɪH%xink =SSɮhҪ +tnkSSɮhɨ - +xj

lxɰ{ ɮ =SSɮhҪ iknSSɮh ʴɴIlǨ*

+j ʴEɮEi Iɦn xi "ʺS r&"<i ɹi |iҪi*

+j S "+κlnv"<inɴxRnnkɺSSɮhx ʺr =nkOɽh Y{E* ɰ{hSSʮi <iHxnknxinkninknɤnSSɮh ʴɴI*

"=\ >"<ijxxxʺE BSSɮhҪ ixvCxxxʺESSɮhn ʴɴI v* "{lɨlަIɨ"<in lxxְ{iɪxxʺE BSSɮhҪ xɮxxʺESSɮhi iuI* BinlǨɺi ix <iH*

'+vEx{ x{ixx' <i i ɹʴɯr**

xxJviui i B ii {ڴǨɦɺɿ|{i n& ɴh nP {k&, +i +ɽ --

{VxɴɱIh|ɴk& ** 119 **

B S ɺ{ Ei 'I Ihɺ' <i xɪx x {xɿǺ&* inH

"<E Zɱ"<i j ɹ -- 'EiEʮ Jɱ{ ɺj {Vxɴi' <i* ʺr%{ vEɮil&*

x S 'I Ihɺ En |ɴk&' <ij x xʨi Sɨ, "ɨɱ{ɨE"<i {xEEɮ uix uEɮ {xuix S jɺEɮ ʺr "ɨ& ]"<i jɺ xii, "ɨ|ɺɮhSS" "ʺS r&" <in ɹ {ɹ]HiSS*

ɨ{hǹ]%vɪSɪhEi {`iij x xɨ* CSi{nEi{ {`&, l nhbxɪxnj BIEi* t{viɮ BEiRMx {`xi hɴi, il{ Jxi%xxʺEinnnkx{ixnYxʨiɽ&*

ʴvh ʴɹɪ i "+|iɪ&"<i xɹvz MhɦnEix ɴhOɽhɨ, +i B 'P]i' <in iǺ xxxʺE Eɮ&* +i B "iuxɺɨ"<i jxn&* +xl "|iɪ ɹɪɨ"<i xiɨxxʺE& i, <ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx xnvi& 'xii' <inɴix{nxʨkiɦɴxʨkii "x nɶSi֦&"<i xɹvɺ ʽRMixxiɮRMinnIhɺbE{ɺ{k&, +i +ɽ --

xɹvɶS ɱҪƺ& ** 120 **

+xiɮRMn{VҴn{ ɱҪƺ <il&*

'Si֦&' <i i {ɹ]lǨ* +i B ii|iJx ɹH RMSUi*

+i B ɴhǺYnxɹvʴɹɪ x ʴE{&* +xl ҨƺEi ʴv{VҴix |ɤɱi iɺ ɴl vx{{i nǮ& <i \Vڹɪ ʴɺiɮ&* +i B "uxu S" "ʴɦɹ Vʺ"<i SʮilǨ*

ʴvxڱxɪ |ɴkɮ Vɨ* "x ֨i' "EhR"<ixɪǹ {ɹ]**

xxixiɺlExɨl|iɪEiɰ{|iɪix{{k&, +i +ɽ --

+xn]l& |iɪ& l ** 121 **

ɺl& |Ei |iɪi, %{ |iɪ <iɺ{RMEɮi iɺ |iɪiʨi x n&*

l <iɺ Ҫ|Eil <il&* ɽɺYɤɱnlERIɪɨxªx{κliɮ Vɨ* "{ l&"<in j ɹ {ɹ]**

MʴɦMn] ʺr& ** 122 **

<]ʺr, x ixɹ]{nx Eɪʨil&* ikiɨxʴvEuiҪɪMx ʴɦHxiiY{xɨinVɨ**

{ɪǪɶɤnx PɴMSS x%%pi ** 123 **

ij ijxiɮɨ "ʴɦɹ "<i jxnY{iʨn **

Y{Eʺr x ɴj ** 124 **

{ɹ] {`iɴ%x֨xn vxɨɺɴjEilʨil&* ix Y{Eʺr{ʮɹɪ%xɹ] x{nxҪʨi ii{ɪǨ* ɹ%{ vxiɨii "R{"jn*

Y{Ei xɪɺ{{ɱIhɨ* xɪY{Eʺrxɨ{ E\Si Elxɨxɹɨxiiɤvxɪi ɴ&* l 'iilx{z irxDZɦ&' <i xɪʺr lxɴijɨ, Y{Eʺr S ij "+xαv"<i**

xx 'pMv pMv, pf pf' <in Pinxɨʺrii {ڴ ui BEj Piɨ, +{ɮj fiʨiɺ{{kɮi +M --

{ڴjʺrui ** 125 **

uiʦz {ڴj EiǴ {ɮʺrʨil&* "{ʮjʺr"<ivEɮɴ ɺjɨɺ ʱRMɨ*

j S ʺriʺriɪ& ʴɶ&, ijɨ* 'Ehr&' <in Vɶii{ڴǨxxiɮ ui { ʴɶɦɴx xɺ& |ɴkʮixj ʴɺiɮ&* "ɴǺ u"<i j ɹ {ɹ]ɨ**

xx 'M乴ɷ S ɨ' <ini 'M乴ɷx S ɨ' <i{ i "ɨҷɮ"<i jh ɹ`Һ{̴vxi, +i +ɽ --

BE +EiSʮi& |ɪM uiҪɺɺiiҪɺɶS

x ʴɹi ** 126 **

jxEiEh ʦzliɺɨɴx iuɪ% xɪ <ixj ʴɺiɮ&* "E\Sx|ɪVi"<i j ɹ {ɹ]ɨ**

xx 'ʴɴv' <in {ɮirn& ɺ ɨ|ɺɮh i, +i +ɽ --

ɨ|ɺɮh inɸɪ S Eɪ ɱɴi ** 127 **

inɸɪɨ "ɨ|ɺɮhSS"<i {ڴǰ{ɨ* ɺii& "ʱ]ɺɺ" <i j '=ɪ Oɽhɺɪ ɨ|ɺɮhɨ l nilEixn ʺrʨi l, "ʱ]ɺɺ" <i j ɹ {ɹ]* xiɮxlʺr{ ij ɹ {ɹ]* "h S ƶSR&"<in ƶSR& <in ʴɹɪɺ{iɨi ij{ x n <ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

k --

CSn ʴEi& |Ei M޼hi ** 128 **

ix "xɺɨ{ʴɦ &"<ij Oɽhx \ Oɽhʺr&**

il --

+{nʶE|ɪME{nʶE Oɽhɨ ** 129 **

ix "nnvi&"<ij{nʶEvi Oɽhʨi, ii, x; iɪxɨDZii, ɹɴɴɾiiSS, 'x S ʴEi& |Ei M޼hi' <i "OʽV"<i jɺlɦɹhtɪκiɮEɮSS*

"xɺɨ{ʴɦ &"<in \*]xEh j& |ɪM&*

+iʴɹɪ Bix{n, |ɪMɺlxɨxEhɺ PֺY j ɹ {ɹ]Hinix* +xi{ ij ij{nOɽh Ei& jEiiEEiɶSɺɨi*

'< ʽ Eh ɴ湴 x֤xvEOɽh {ɨɸҪi -- jɺip{ʨi, {xOǽS ɤn xxiɮh EE |ɪMɨ, iϺɶS EE |ɪM x֤xvEx |ɪM xɺii Ei uiҪ& |ɪM ={ɺi, 'E ={n xɨ' <i PֺYɺjɺl ɹh |ɪMEɺɨɴ inOɽhʨilǺ ɦx ɹɺɨi S *

ɹ x֤xvEin |Eiʦ|ɪh* "nn&"<i j nn{n{nʶEnniɴi Ihi x n <ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

n{ xx '+VP ʦni' <in iknMh|ɪH ʴEh RE &, il RE 'ʦni' <in "BES&"<ih xɹv& i, +i +ɽ --

ζi{ {x֤xvx xn] n Mhx S *

jEVOɽh S {\Six x RE ** 130 **

+x֤xvxn uv -- ɰ{h, 'Ri&'<in{nx S* 'xi, i, i, "xҴxi"<i j ɮi, "nR bS" "+xnk Ri&" "nn& x""BES ={n"<inɽhx*

uiɨ "xtxi&"<i "ڴn&"<i vii S ɴi, "MhRE&"<iɪnʦxǹvxiiE{xi* ix ɹɴ%{ '+VP&' <in ɴi* +i B "ni&"<i j E] -- 'jEV Oɽh E\Si' <i {`&* "BES ={n*]xnki"<i j BEVOɽhxEnx֨i Y{i* +xl{n%xESxnkiɺ ix iul {ɹ]i*

in{ x, ɹxHii* BEVOɽhɺ vɴɴilǨɴɶEiSS*

x S vɺlx{n BEVi Sɨ, In{nɺɨɴxiuɪ lx{nOɽhi, ={niɴSUnxEVilSS*

E\S =kɮlǨEVOɽhɨ* +i B 'VMʮiɴx' <inɴ{n =Mxiiɨnɪ "֪E& Ei"<ih xɹv x* ij{n <ixִkɶ 'ihǨ' <inʴh xɹvɪiE {ɹ]*

x S ɹ R { 'ʦni' <inʴ]|ɴilǨ{n%xnknES& ڪɨhnRMnil x]|iɹv H&, 'ʤʦii' <i n{xɺɴn RE nhɨ{xɺx ijb]&*

R{in ɹ i{G{ɺƽɮɱx x RMɹɪɨ*

E\S, iɺ iuɪEi R{ lxɴiɺɪRC{ɪ|nxx xxi{kʮi Sɨ, <bɹɪ RE E%xʦvxx Uxnʺ ɴʴvx Eα{Eix S ij nx{xɺxni* +xl 'BEVOɽh ElǨ' <i |ɶxɺ '=kɮj VMilʨɽ vlǨ' <ikɮ S ɹ xɮɱɨxi{k&*

x SvviEI{iviES <i ʴɶhɨ* B S 'ʤʦii' <inɴkɮJhb viESiɨɺi, =kɮJhb%κiiɴi* BiSS 'ni&' <i j ɹ {ɹ]* B S |EiɦɹɺRMiʮi Sɨ ; +I{ +I{iɺxɪ S xɦɴi*

+RMi i ʴʶɹ] Bi "BES u"<i j ɹ {ɹ]* xɰ{i S ixn ɤnxnJɮ* vii ikɮJhb B* +i B "BES ɶ ɹ"<i j viɪɴɺES <i vEhxxɪ Mv{r& |ɪVxɨH ɹ, x i |ʺr '+VP&' <i*

'+VP&, ʦni' <in xɨ xnɺi "SEi S"<iɺnn {`x

RMxi Mhxiɮ|ɪHʴEhɺ|{i x ɴxi*

Uxnin Eɪxiɮhɨ{ Uxnʺ o]|ɪM乴o]xɨɦɴ v&*

ɹɪ i ioxɨɦɴ B* ζi{ɤnxnɺi 'ɴi&' <in jɺliznɴzlǺvE <ixj ʴɺiɮ&**

xx 'Vɦ%S, vS, x]ʱ]' <i jiɨ, E uҮvOɽhxiɽ --

{nMn MʴɦM MɮҪx ** 131 **

|iɴC ʦzɴClǤvE{xx M {ɹ]* {ɮxi ɹɺɨiɨ* "]Rʺ"<i jɺl ɹ ʴɯr S* ij S <xn <Eɮ|iJx MʴɦMx Eiʨi ɽ&**

+vǨjɱPɴx {jiɴ xxi Eh& ** 132 **

"B+R" "B+S"jɪvxi ɹ*

ijxE{nP]iɺj |ɪ& {nPɴʴSɮ B, x i jɱPɴʴSɮ <i ">EɱS, "+{H BEɱ"<inj ɹ vxiɨ*

ij ʽ j +OɽhɽOɽhɪ̴ɶʴSɮ Yɪ Oɽhɨ "hIjɪ"<i j +h\ʮi Sʨi jh {nxɱOɽh, inE n{ Oɽhɨ "h"<i j +h\ʮi x Sɨ, +{Hi Sʨi jh {nxi xκi PɴEi ʴɶ <iH*

"+S x"<i j <h <i ʺr ʮi ƨt Oɽhz {ڴhhOɽhɨ* ij

ʴɦH xn ƨt Oɽh S vκjɻ j <h Oɽh iɻ j <i hj ɹH&, il "+i& x"<i

j ʶii x Hɨ*

ijɪɨl& -- "ι`Cɨ"<i j 'ʶii x EkǴ ɴi' <i ɹ x Eɱ jɱPɴ ɴnɨ{l <i E]H& |ɪhi ʶɴɨ**

<i ɺjɶxɨE iiҪ |Ehɨ**

<i Ҩxɽ{vɪʶɴɦ]]iɺiMɦVxMVҦ]]Ei&

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